Importance of the morning meal before fasting, Al-Suhur

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

It is highly recommended for Muslims to take their pre-dawn meal (al-suḥūr) before beginning the day of fasting. The Prophet mentioned its blessings in several authentic traditions.

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

تَسَحَّرُوا فَإِنَّ فِي السُّحُورِ بَرَكَةً

Take the morning meal. Verily, there is blessing in the morning meal.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1823, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Al-Miqdam ibn Ma’d reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

عَلَيْكُمْ بِغِذَاءِ السَّحَرِ فَإِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغِذَاءُ الْمُبَارَكُ

You must take the morning meal. Verily, it is a blessed meal.

Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 2164, Grade: Sahih

Irbad ibn Sariyah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, invited me to the morning meal during Ramadan and he said:

هَلُمَّ إِلَى الْغَدَاءِ الْمُبَارَكِ

Come to the blessed breakfast.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2344, Grade: Sahih

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

السُّحُورُ أَكْلَةٌ بَرَكَةٌ فَلَا تَدَعُوهُ وَلَوْ أَنْ يَجْرَعَ أَحَدُكُمْ جَرْعَةً مِنْ مَاءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى الْمُتَسَحِّرِينَ

The morning meal is a blessed meal, so do not abandon it even if you take only a sip of water. Verily, Allah and His angels send blessings upon those who take the morning meal.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 11003, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Harith reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said about the morning meal:

إِنَّهَا بَرَكَةٌ أَعْطَاكُمْ اللَّهُ إِيَّاهَا فَلَا تَدَعُوهُ

Verily, it is a blessing Allah has given you, so do not abandon it.

Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 2162, Grade: Sahih

It is recommended to delay the morning meal as late as possible, because this makes it easier for Muslims to complete their fasting.

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تَزَالُ أُمَّتِي بِخَيْرٍ مَا عَجَّلُوا الْإِفْطَارَ وَأَخَّرُوا السُّحُورَ

My nation will not cease to be upon goodness so long as they hasten to break their fasting and delay the morning meal.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 20805, Grade: Sahih

It is permissible for Muslims to continue eating and drinking until redness appears on the horizon, which should occur just a few minutes after the first call to prayer (adhan) for the dawn prayer (fajr).

Abu Talaq reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا يَهِيدَنَّكُمْ السَّاطِعُ الْمُصْعِدُ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَعْتَرِضَ لَكُمْ الْأَحْمَرُ

Eat and drink and let not the ascending white light stop you, so continue to eat and drink until redness appears on the horizon.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 705, Grade: Sahih

The Prophet would continue eating and drinking after the first call to prayer for as long as it would take to recite about fifty verses from the Quran, which is about a few minutes.

Zaid ibn Thabit reported: We ate the morning meal with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and then we stood for the prayer. It was asked, “How long was it between the two calls to prayer?” Zaid said:

قَدْرُ خَمْسِينَ آيَةً

It was time enough to recite fifty verses from the Quran.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1821, Grade: Sahih

When a Muslim hears the first call to prayer, he should finish whatever food and drink he has in front of him.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا سَمِعَ أَحَدُكُمْ النِّدَاءَ وَالْإِنَاءُ عَلَى يَدِهِ فَلَا يَضَعْهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ حَاجَتَهُ مِنْهُ

When one of you hears the call to prayer while his vessel is in his hand, let him not put it down until he fulfills his needs from it.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2350, Grade: Sahih

However, it is very important to eat moderately when taking the morning meal and when breaking the fast.

Allah said:

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

O children of Adam, take your adornment at every mosque and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Verily, He likes not those who commit excess.

Surat al-A’raf 7:31

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْكَافِرُ يَأْكُلُ فِي سَبْعَةِ أَمْعَاءٍ وَالْمُؤْمِنُ يَأْكُلُ فِي مِعًى وَاحِدٍ

The unbeliever eats with seven intestines, and the believer eats with one intestine.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2060, Grade: Sahih

Salman Al-Farisi reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ شِبَعًا فِي الدُّنْيَا أَطْوَلُهُمْ جُوعًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Verily, the people who eat their fill the most in this world will be the most hungry on the Day of Resurrection.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 3351, Grade: Sahih

The Prophet’s tradition (sunnah) is to fill the stomach with a third of food, a third of drink, and a third to be left empty.

Miqdam ibn Ma’d reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَا مَلَأَ آدَمِيٌّ وِعَاءً شَرًّا مِنْ بَطْنٍ حَسْبُ الْآدَمِيِّ لُقَيْمَاتٌ يُقِمْنَ صُلْبَهُ فَإِنْ غَلَبَتْ الْآدَمِيَّ نَفْسُهُ فَثُلُثٌ لِلطَّعَامِ وَثُلُثٌ لِلشَّرَابِ وَثُلُثٌ لِلنَّفَسِ

There is no vessel which the son of Adam can fill more evil than his stomach, for it is sufficient for him to take a few mouthfuls in order to straighten his back. If he must, then fill a third with food, a third with drink, and a third with air.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 3349, Grade: Sahih

In sum, every Muslim should take the morning meal before fasting due to its blessings. We should delay the morning meal as late as possible, which is about a few minutes after the first call to prayer before the dawn prayer. We should eat moderately and avoid extravagance in consumption.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.