Forty Hadith on Purification of the Heart

Compiled and translated by Abu Amina Elias (Justin Parrott)

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Hadith 1

Al-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَلَا وَإِنَّ فِي الْجَسَدِ مُضْغَةً إِذَا صَلَحَتْ صَلَحَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ وَإِذَا فَسَدَتْ فَسَدَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ أَلَا وَهِيَ الْقَلْبُ

Verily, in the body is a piece of flesh which, if sound, the entire body is sound, and if corrupt, the entire body is corrupt. Truly, it is the heart.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 52, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Hadith 2

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, who are the best people?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ذُو الْقَلْبِ الْمَخْمُومِ وَاللِّسَانِ الصَّدُوقِ

One with a heart swept clean and truthful in speech.

We said, “O Messenger of Allah, we know truthful in speech. What is a heart swept clean?” The Prophet said:

هُوَ التَّقِيُّ النَّقِيُّ لا إِثْمَ فِيهِ وَلا بَغْيَ وَلا حَسَدَ

One that is mindful of Allah and pure, in which there is no sin, nor aggression, nor envy.

We said, “Who shows a sign of it?” The Prophet said:

الَّذِي يَشْنَأُ الدُّنْيَا وَيُحِبُّ الآخِرَةَ

One who hates worldliness and loves the Hereafter.

They said, “And who shows a sign of it?” The Prophet said:

مُؤْمِنٌ فِي خُلُقٍ حَسَنٍ

A believer with good character.

Source: Shu’ab al-Imān 4457, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 3

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْغِنَى فِي الْقَلْبِ وَالْفَقْرُ فِي الْقَلْبِ مَنْ كَانَ الْغِنَى فِي قَلْبِهِ لا يَضُرُّهُ مَا لَقِيَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَمَنْ كَانَ الْفَقْرُ فِي قَلْبِهِ فَلا يُغْنِيهِ مَا أَكْثَرَ لَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَإِنَّمَا يَضُرُّ نَفْسَهُ شُحُّها

Wealth is in the heart and poverty is in the heart. Whoever is wealthy in his heart will not be harmed no matter what happens in the world. Whoever is impoverished in his heart will not be satisfied no matter how much he has in the world. Verily, he will only be harmed by the greed of his own soul.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 1618, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 4

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لا يَبْلُغُ عَبْدٌ حَقِيقَةَ الإِيمَانِ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لِلنَّاسِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ

The servant does not attain the reality of faith until he loves for people what he loves for himself of goodness.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 238, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 5

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said to me:

يَا بُنَيَّ إِنْ قَدَرْتَ أَنْ تُصْبِحَ وَتُمْسِيَ لَيْسَ فِي قَلْبِكَ غِشٌّ لِأَحَدٍ فَافْعَلْ

Young man, if you are able every morning and evening to remove any rancor from your heart towards anyone, do so.

Then, the Prophet said to me:

يَا بُنَيَّ وَذَلِكَ مِنْ سُنَّتِي وَمَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّتِي فَقَدْ أَحَبَّنِي وَمَنْ أَحَبَّنِي كَانَ مَعِي فِي الْجَنَّة

Young man, that is my SunnahWhoever revives my Sunnah has loved me, and whoever loves me will be with me in Paradise.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2678, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 6

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ أَقْوَامٌ أَفْئِدَتُهُمْ مِثْلُ أَفْئِدَةِ الطَّيْرِ

People whose hearts are like the hearts of birds will enter Paradise.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2840,Grade: Sahih

Al-Nawawi commented on this tradition, writing:

قيل معْنَاهُ مُتوَكِّلُون وقِيلَ قُلُوبُهُمْ رقِيقةٌ

It is interpreted to mean they are those who rely upon Allah, or those who have soft hearts.

Source: Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn 1/45

Hadith 7

Abu Umamah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, took me by the hand and he said:

يَا أَبَا أُمَامَةَ إِنَّ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنْ يَلِينُ لَهُ قَلْبِي

O Abu Umamah, among the believers are those who soften my heart.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 7539, Grade: Jayyid

Hadith 8

Abu Huraira reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he complained about the hardness of his heart. The Prophet said:

إِنْ أَرَدْتَ تَلْيِينَ قَلْبِكَ فَأَطْعِمْ الْمِسْكِينَ وَامْسَحْ رَأْسَ الْيَتِيمِ

If you want to soften your heart, feed the poor and pat the head of the orphan.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 7522, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 9

Fadalah ibn ‘Ubayd reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْمُجَاهِدُ مَنْ جَاهَدَ نَفْسَهُ

The one who strives in jihad in the way of Allah is he who strives against his soul.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1621, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 10

Zayd ibn Arqam reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اللَّهُمَّ آتِ نَفْسِي تَقْوَاهَا وَزَكِّهَا أَنْتَ خَيْرُ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا

O Allah, grant my soul a sense of righteousness and purify it, for you are the best purifier.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2722, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 11

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

عَلَيْكَ بِحُسْنِ الْخُلُقِ وَطُولِ الصَّمْتِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ مَا عَمِلَ الْخَلائِقُ عَمَلا أَحَبَّ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِنْهُمَا

You must have good character and observe long periods of silence. By the one in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, no one can behave with deeds more beloved to Allah than these two.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Awsaṭ 7287, Grade: Jayyid

Hadith 12

Anas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would say:

يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِينِكَ

O turner of the hearts, affirm my heart upon your religion!

I said, “O Messenger of Allah, we believe in you and in that with which you were sent. Do you fear for us?” The Prophet said:

نَعَمْ إِنَّ الْقُلُوبَ بَيْنَ أُصْبُعَيْنِ مِنْ أَصَابِعِ اللَّهِ يُقَلِّبُهَا كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ

Yes, for the hearts are between the fingers of Allah. He turns them whichever way he wills.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2140, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 13

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لا تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُسْلِمُوا وَلا تُسْلِمُوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا  وَأَفْشُوا السَّلامَ تَحَابُّوا وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَالْبُغْضَةَ فَإِنَّهَا هِيَ الْحَالِقَةُ لا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ تَحْلِقُ الشَّعْرَ وَلَكِنْ تَحْلِقُ الدِّينَ

By the one in whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you submit to Allah and you will not submit until you love one another. Spread peace and you will love one another. Beware of hatred, for it is the razor. I do not say that it shaves hair, but rather it shaves away the religion.

Source: al-Adab al-Mufrad 260, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 14

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ إِنْسَانٌ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ حَبَّةٍ مِنْ خَرْدَلٍ مِنْ كِبْرٍ

No human being will enter Paradise if there is as much as the weight of a seed of arrogance in his heart.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 6526, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 15

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

تُفْتَحُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَ الِاثْنَيْنِ وَيَوْمَ الْخَمِيسِ فَيُغْفَرُ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ لَا يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِلَّا رَجُلًا كَانَتْ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ أَخِيهِ شَحْنَاءُ فَيُقَالُ أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا

The gates of Paradise are opened on Monday and Thursday. Allah forgives every servant who does not associate anything with him, except a man with enmity between himself and his brother. It will be said: Delay these two until they reconcile, delay these two until they reconcile.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2565, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 16

Abu Barzah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ مِمَّا أَخْشَى عَلَيْكُمْ شَهَوَاتِ الْغَيِّ فِي بُطُونِكُمْ وَفُرُوجِكُمْ وَمُضِلَّاتِ الْهَوَى

Verily, among what I fear most for you are seductive temptations in your stomachs and passions, and the misguidance of whims.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 19274, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 17

‘Amr ibn Shurahbil reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَلَا أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِمَا يُذْهِبُ وَحَرَ الصَّدْرِ صَوْمُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ

Shall I tell you about what will rid the heart of impurities? Fasting three days of every month.

Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 2385, Grade: Sahih li ghayrihi

Hadith 18

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اللَّهُمَّ أَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِنَا وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِنَا وَاهْدِنَا سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ وَنَجِّنَا مِنْ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ وَجَنِّبْنَا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي أَسْمَاعِنَا وَأَبْصَارِنَا وَقُلُوبِنَا وَأَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ وَاجْعَلْنَا شَاكِرِينَ لِنِعْمَتِكَ مُثْنِينَ بِهَا قَابِلِيهَا وَأَتِمَّهَا عَلَيْنَا

O Allah, bring our hearts together, reconcile between us, guide us to ways of peace, and deliver us from darkness into light. Keep us away from immorality, outwardly and inwardly, and bless us in our hearing, our seeing, our hearts, our spouses, and our children. Accept our repentance, for you alone are the Relenting, the Merciful. Make us grateful for your blessings, praising and accepting them, and give them to us in full.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 968, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 19

Mu’adh ibn Jabal reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ فِعْلَ الْخَيْرَاتِ وَتَرْكَ الْمُنْكَرَاتِ وَحُبَّ الْمَسَاكِينِ وَأَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي وَتَرْحَمَنِي وَإِذَا أَرَدْتَ فِتْنَةَ قَوْمٍ فَتَوَفَّنِي غَيْرَ مَفْتُونٍ أَسْأَلُكَ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُ إِلَى حُبِّكَ

O Allah, I ask you for good deeds, avoidance of evil deeds, and love of the poor. Forgive me and have mercy on me. If you intend to put people to trial, take me away unscathed. I ask you for your love, the love of those who love you, and the love of good deeds that bring me closer to your love.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3235, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 20

Ibn Abbas reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي لَكَ شَكَّارًا لَكَ ذَكَّارًا لَكَ رَهَّابًا لَكَ مِطْوَاعًا لَكَ مُخْبِتًا إِلَيْكَ أَوَّاهًا مُنِيبًا رَبِّ تَقَبَّلْ تَوْبَتِي وَاغْسِلْ حَوْبَتِي وَأَجِبْ دَعْوَتِي وَثَبِّتْ حُجَّتِي وَسَدِّدْ لِسَانِي وَاهْدِ قَلْبِي وَاسْلُلْ سَخِيمَةَ صَدْرِي

O Lord, make me grateful to you, mindful of you, fearful of you, obedient to you, humble to you, turning to you and repenting. O Lord, accept my repentance, wash away my sin, answer my supplication, establish my proof, direct my tongue, guide my heart, and remove the hatred from my chest.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3551, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 21

‘Amr ibn ‘Absah reported: A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is Islam?” The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَنْ يُسْلِمَ قَلْبُكَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَأَنْ يَسْلَمَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ لِسَانِكَ وَيَدِكَ

That you surrender your heart to Allah and that Muslims are safe from your tongue and hand.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 16691, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 22

Abdullah ibn Mu’awiyah reported: A man said, “What is purification of the soul?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَنْ يَعْلَمَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَعَهُ حَيْثُ كَانَ

That one knows Allah Almighty is with him wherever he is.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Ṣaghīr 528, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 23

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الْإِيمَانَ لَيَخْلَقُ فِي جَوْفِ أَحَدِكُمْ كَمَا يَخْلَقُ الثَّوْبُ الْخَلِقُ فَاسْأَلُوا اللَّهَ أَنْ يُجَدِّدَ الْإِيمَانَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ

Verily, the faith of one of you will wear out within him, just as a shirt becomes worn out, so ask Allah to renew faith in your hearts.

Source: al-Mustadrak 5, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 24

Abu Ishaq reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

خَيْرُ مَا أُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ الْمُؤْمِنُ خُلُقٌ حَسَنٌ وَشَرُّ مَا أُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ قَلْبُ سُوءٌ فِي صُورَةٍ حَسَنَةٍ

The best of what a believing man can be given is good character, and the worst of what a man can be given is an evil heart with a beautiful appearance.

Source: Muṣannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah 24747, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 25

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الَّذِي لَيْسَ فِي جَوْفِهِ شَيْءٌ مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ كَالْبَيْتِ الْخَرِبِ

Verily, one who does not hold anything from the Quran in his heart is like a ruined house.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2913, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 26

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لا يَجْتَمِعُ فِي جَوْفِ عَبْدٍ مُؤْمِنٍ الإِيمَانُ وَالْحَسَدُ

Faith and envy do not combine within a believing servant.

Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 3109, Grade: Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

لَا يَجْتَمِعُ الشُّحُّ وَالْإِيمَانُ فِي قَلْبِ عَبْدٍ أَبَدًا

Greed and faith are never combined in the heart of a servant.

Source: Sunan al-Nasā’ī 3110, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 27

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

خَصْلَتَانِ لَا تَجْتَمِعَانِ فِي مُؤْمِنٍ الْبُخْلُ وَسُوءُ الْخُلُقِ

Two qualities are never combined in a believer: miserliness and bad character.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1962, Grade: Sahih li ghayrihi

Hadith 28

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ إِذَا أَخْطَأَ خَطِيئَةً نُكِتَتْ فِي قَلْبِهِ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ فَإِذَا هُوَ نَزَعَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ وَتَابَ سُقِلَ قَلْبُهُ وَإِنْ عَادَ زِيدَ فِيهَا حَتَّى تَعْلُوَ قَلْبَهُ وَهُوَ الرَّانُ الَّذِي ذَكَرَ اللَّهُ كَلَّا بَلْ رَانَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Verily, when the servant commits a sin, a black mark appears upon his heart. If he abandons the sin, seeks forgiveness, and repents, then his heart will be polished. If he returns to the sin, the blackness will be increased until it overcomes his heart. It is the covering that Allah has mentioned: No, rather a covering is over their hearts from what they have earned. (83:14)

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3334, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 29

Qurrah ibn Iyas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الْحَيَاءَ الْعَفَافُ وَالْعِيَّ عِيُّ اللِّسَانِ لا عِيُّ الْقَلْبِ وَالْعَمَلُ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ وَإِنَّهُنَّ يَزِدْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ وَيَنْقُصْنَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا يَزِدْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ أَكْثَرُ مِمَّا يَزِدْنَ فِي الدُّنْيَا

Verily, modesty, abstinence, reticence of the tongue but not the heart, and deeds are all part of faith. They bring gain in the Hereafter and loss in the world: what is gained in the Hereafter is much greater than what is missed in the world.

Source: al-Sunan al-Kubrá 19162, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 30

Thawban reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَفْضَلُهُ لِسَانٌ ذَاكِرٌ وَقَلْبٌ شَاكِرٌ وَزَوْجَةٌ مُؤْمِنَةٌ تُعِينُهُ عَلَى إِيمَانِهِ

The best wealth is a tongue that remembers Allah, a grateful heart, and a believing wife to help him in his faith.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3094, Grade: Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

وَزَوْجَةً مُؤْمِنَةً تُعِينُ أَحَدَكُمْ عَلَى أَمْرِ الْآخِرَةِ

And a believing wife to help one of you in matters of the Hereafter.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 1856, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 31

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, pointed to his heart and he said:

التَّقْوَى هَاهُنَا

Righteousness is here.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2564, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 32

Zayd ibn Thabit reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ كَانَتْ الدُّنْيَا هَمَّهُ فَرَّقَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرَهُ وَجَعَلَ فَقْرَهُ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَأْتِهِ مِنْ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَا كُتِبَ لَهُ وَمَنْ كَانَتْ الْآخِرَةُ نِيَّتَهُ جَمَعَ اللَّهُ لَهُ أَمْرَهُ وَجَعَلَ غِنَاهُ فِي قَلْبِهِ وَأَتَتْهُ الدُّنْيَا وَهِيَ رَاغِمَةٌ

Whoever makes the world his most important matter, Allah will confound his affairs and make poverty appear before his eyes and he will not get anything from the world but what has been decreed for him. Whoever makes the Hereafter his most important matter, Allah will settle his affairs and make him content in his heart and the world will come to him although he does not want it.

Source: Sunan Ibn Mājah 4105, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 33

Al-Aghar al-Muzani reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّهُ لَيُغَانُ عَلَى قَلْبِي وَإِنِّي لَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ فِي الْيَوْمِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ

Verily, at times there is fog over my heart, so I seek the forgiveness of Allah one hundred times in a day.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2702, Grade: Sahih

Al-Nawawi commented on this tradition, writing:

قِيلَ الْمُرَادُ الْفَتَرَاتُ وَالْغَفَلَاتُ عَنِ الذِّكْرِ الَّذِي كَانَ شَأْنُهُ الدَّوَامَ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا فتَرَ عَنْهُ أَوْ غَفَلَ عَدَّ ذَلِكَ ذَنْبًا وَاسْتَغْفَرَ مِنْهُ

It is said that it means the Prophet had intervals of forgetting to remember Allah, which was his normal state of affairs. When the Prophet had a period of inattention, he would consider that a sin and seek forgiveness for it.

Source: Sharḥ al-Nawawī ‘alá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2702

Hadith 34

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِي قَلْبِي نُورًا وَفِي سَمْعِي نُورًا وَفِي بَصَرِي نُورًا وَفِي لِسَانِي نُورًا وَأَعْظِمْ لِي نُورًا

O Allah, put light in my heart, put light in my hearing, put light in my seeing, put light on my tongue, and give me light in abundance.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 3291, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 35

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَيْسَ الشَّدِيدُ مَنْ غَلَبَ النَّاسَ وَلَكِنَّ الشَّدِيدَ مَنْ غَلَبَ نَفْسَهُ

The strong are not those who defeat people. Rather, the strong are those who defeat their ego.

Source: Mushkil al-Āthār 1426, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 36

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَرُزِقَ كَفَافًا وَقَنَّعَهُ اللَّهُ بِمَا آتَاهُ

He has succeeded who embraces Islam, whose provision is sufficient, and whom Allah has made content with what he has given him.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1054, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 37

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِيَّاكُمْ وَالْحَسَدَ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَدَ يَأْكُلُ الْحَسَنَاتِ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ الْحَطَبَ أَوْ قَالَ الْعُشْبَ

Beware of envy, for it devours good deeds just as fire devours wood or grass.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 4903, Grade: Sahih

Hadith 38

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

تَعَافُوا تَسْقُطُ الضَّغَائِنُ بَيْنَكُمْ

Forgive each other and drop the grudges between yourselves.

Source: Musnad al-Bazzār 1163, Grade: Hasan

Al-San’ani commented on this tradition, writing:

الضغائن وهي الحقد والعداوة والحسد فإنها من الكبائر أي أسقطوا ذلك من قلوبكم وطهروها عنه

Grudges are malice, enmity, and hatred. Indeed, they are among the great sins, so let them fall away from your hearts and purify your hearts from them.

Source: al-Tanwīr Sharḥ al-Jāmi’ al-Ṣaghīr 5/38

Hadith 39

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تُكْثِرُوا الْكَلَامَ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ كَثْرَةَ الْكَلَامِ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ قَسْوَةٌ لِلْقَلْبِ وَإِنَّ أَبْعَدَ النَّاسِ مِنْ اللَّهِ الْقَلْبُ الْقَاسِي

Do not speak too much without remembering Allah. Verily, too much talking without remembering Allah hardens the heart. The furthest of people from Allah is one with a hard heart.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2411, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 40

Abu Tha’labah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يَطَّلِعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَيَغْفِرُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَيُمْهِلُ الْكَافِرِينَ وَيَدَعُ أَهْلَ الْحِقْدِ بِحِقْدِهِمْ حَتَّى يَدَعُوهُ

Allah looks down upon his servants in the middle night of Sha’ban. He forgives the believers, he gives respite to the unbelievers, and he abandons the people of malice to their malice until they leave it.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 590, Grade: Sahih li ghayrihi

Hadith 41

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا يُبَلِّغُنِي أَحَدٌ عَنْ أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِي شَيْئًا فَإِنِّي أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَأَنَا سَلِيمُ الصَّدْرِ

Let not one of you mention anything bad to me about my companions, for I love to meet them while my heart is at peace.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3896, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 42

‘Amr ibn Abi Habib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

خَابَ عَبْدٌ وَخَسِرَ مَنْ لَمْ يَجْعَلِ اللَّهُ فِي قَلْبِهِ رَحْمَةً لِلْبَشَرِ

A servant has failed and lost if Allah has not placed mercy in his heart towards humanity.

Source: Tārīkh Dimashq 19863, Grade: Hasan

Hadith 43

Abu Sa’id reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْقُلُوبُ أَرْبَعَةٌ قَلْبٌ أَجْرَدُ فِيهِ مِثْلُ السِّرَاجِ يُزْهِرُ وَقَلْبٌ أَغْلَفُ مَرْبُوطٌ عَلَى غِلَافِهِ وَقَلْبٌ مَنْكُوسٌ وَقَلْبٌ مُصْفَحٌ فَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَجْرَدُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُؤْمِنِ سِرَاجُهُ فِيهِ نُورُهُ وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَغْلَفُ فَقَلْبُ الْكَافِرِ وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمَنْكُوسُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُنَافِقِ عَرَفَ ثُمَّ أَنْكَرَ وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمُصْفَحُ فَقَلْبٌ فِيهِ إِيمَانٌ وَنِفَاقٌ فَمَثَلُ الْإِيمَانِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْبَقْلَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْمَاءُ الطَّيِّبُ وَمَثَلُ النِّفَاقِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْقُرْحَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْقَيْحُ وَالدَّمُ فَأَيُّ الْمَدَّتَيْنِ غَلَبَتْ عَلَى الْأُخْرَى غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْهِ

There are four kinds of hearts: a polished heart as shiny as a radiant lamp, a sealed heart with a knot tied around it, a heart that is turned upside down, and a heart that is wrapped. As for the polished heart, it is the heart of the believer and its lamp is the light of faith. The sealed heart is the heart of the unbeliever. The heart that is turned upside down is the heart of a pure hypocrite, for he had knowledge but he denied it. As for the heart that is wrapped, it is the heart that contains both faith and hypocrisy. The parable of faith in this heart is the parable of the herb that is sustained by pure water, and the parable of the hypocrisy in it is the parable of an ulcer that thrives upon puss and blood; whichever of the two is greater will dominate.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 10745, Grade: Jayyid

Hadith 44

Umm Salamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذَنْبِي وَأَذْهِبْ غَيْظَ قَلْبِي وَأَجِرْنِي مِنْ مُضِلاتِ الْفِتَنِ

O Allah, forgive my sins, remove the anger in my heart, and protect me from the trials of misguidance.

Source: al-Du’ā lil-Ṭabarānī 1340, Grade: Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.