Hadith on Sujud: Verses of prostration recommended, not obligatory

Rabia’ reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, recited Surat al-Nahl on the pulpit on Friday until he reached the verse of prostration, then he descended and prostrated and the people prostrated with him. On the following Friday, Umar recited the same chapter until he came to the verse of prostration. Umar said, “O people, we have passed by a verse of prostration. Whoever prostrates has acted correctly, but whoever does not prostrate is not sinful,” and Umar did not prostrate.

Ibn Umar said, “Indeed, Allah has not obligated the prostration unless we wish to do so.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1077

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

عَنْ رَبِيعَة أَنَّ عُمَر بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَرَأَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ بِسُورَةِ النَّحْلِ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ السَّجْدَةَ نَزَلَ فَسَجَدَ وَسَجَدَ النَّاسُ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتْ الْجُمُعَةُ الْقَابِلَةُ قَرَأَ بِهَا حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ السَّجْدَةَ قَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا نَمُرُّ بِالسُّجُودِ فَمَنْ سَجَدَ فَقَدْ أَصَابَ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْجُدْ فَلَا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَسْجُدْ عُمَرُ

 عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يَفْرِضْ السُّجُودَ إِلَّا أَنْ نَشَاءَ

1077 صحيح البخاري كتاب سجود القرآن باب من رأى أن الله عز وجل لم يوجب السجود