Hadith on Talaq: Prohibition of divorcing women during menstruation

Ibn Umar reported: He divorced his wife in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, while she menstruating. Umar ibn al-Khattab asked the Prophet about that and he said, “Order him to return her. Let him leave her alone until she becomes pure, then menstruates, and then is pure again. If he wishes, he may keep her or divorce her before he is intimate with her. That is the waiting period Allah has commanded for divorcing women.” (65:1)

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4954, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1471

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Al-Shafi’i said, “Allah Almighty has commanded adherence to good conduct, to release in the best manner, and He has prohibited harm. Divorcing a menstruating woman is harmful.”

Source: al-Umm 5/193

عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ أَنَّهُ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَسَأَلَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مُرْهُ فَلْيُرَاجِعْهَا ثُمَّ لِيَتْرُكْهَا حَتَّى تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ تَحِيضَ ثُمَّ تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ إِنْ شَاءَ أَمْسَكَ بَعْدُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ طَلَّقَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَمَسَّ فَتِلْكَ الْعِدَّةُ الَّتِي أَمَرَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يُطَلَّقَ لَهَا النِّسَاءُ

4954 صحيح البخاري كتاب الطلاق باب قول الله تعالى يا أيها النبي إذا طلقتم النساء

1471 صحيح مسلم كتاب الطلاق باب تحريم طلاق الحائض بغير رضاها

قال الشافعي وَقَدْ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى بِالْإِمْسَاكِ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالتَّسْرِيحِ بِالْإِحْسَانِ وَنَهَى عَنْ الضَّرَرِ وَطَلَاقُ الْحَائِضِ ضَرَرٌ

5/193 الأم للشافعي