Hadith on Divorce: Triple talaq in the time of the Prophet, Abu Bakr, and Umar

Ibn Abbas reported: Triple divorce in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, Abu Bakr, and two years of the Caliphate of Umar was considered to be only one revocable divorce. Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “Verily, the people have become hasty in a matter for which they should take care. If only we imposed it upon them.” Thus, Umar imposed it upon them.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1472

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim

Ibn al-Qayyim said, “The commander of the faithful, Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, saw that people were making light of the matter of divorce and many of them would pronounce it altogether in one sitting. He viewed it as in the best interest to punish them by imposing it upon them, that they would know if one of them irrevocably pronounced it altogether to the wife, she would be forbidden for him to remarry until she had married another husband in a marriage she desired and intended permanently, not simply intending to make him lawful to her again (nikah tahlil). Indeed, he was the most strict of people in the matter. If they knew that, they would refrain from an irrevocable divorce. Umar believed this was in their best interest in his time.”

Grade: I’lām al-Muwaqqi’īn 3/35

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ كَانَ الطَّلَاقُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَسَنَتَيْنِ مِنْ خِلَافَةِ عُمَرَ طَلَاقُ الثَّلَاثِ وَاحِدَةً فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ اسْتَعْجَلُوا فِي أَمْرٍ قَدْ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ فِيهِ أَنَاةٌ فَلَوْ أَمْضَيْنَاهُ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَمْضَاهُ عَلَيْهِمْ

1472 صحيح مسلم كتاب الطلاق باب طلاق الثلاث

قال ابن القيم رَأَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عُمَرُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ اسْتَهَانُوا بِأَمْرِ الطَّلَاقِ وَكَثُرَ مِنْهُمْ إيقَاعُهُ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً فَرَأَى مِنْ الْمَصْلَحَةِ عُقُوبَتَهُمْ بِإِمْضَائِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ لِيَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ إذَا أَوْقَعَهُ جُمْلَةً بَانَتْ مِنْهُ الْمَرْأَةُ وَحُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ نِكَاحَ رَغْبَةٍ يُرَادُ لِلدَّوَامِ لَا نِكَاحَ تَحْلِيلٍ فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنْ أَشَدِّ النَّاسِ فِيهِ فَإِذَا عَلِمُوا ذَلِكَ كَفُّوا عَنْ الطَّلَاقِ الْمُحَرَّمِ فَرَأَى عُمَرُ أَنَّ هَذَا مَصْلَحَةٌ لَهُمْ فِي زَمَانِهِ

3/35 إعلام الموقعين عن رب العالمين