Hadith on Ramadan: Adolescents fasting Ramadan if they are able

Al-Rabia’ bint Mu’awwidh reported: We would order our children to fast and we would make toys for them out of wool. If one of them cried for food, we would give them those toys until it was time to break fast.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1859, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1136

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Qudamah said, “Fasting the month of Ramadan is an obligation upon every adult, sane Muslim capable of fasting, and children are ordered to fast if they able.”

Source: ‘Umdat al-Fiqh 1/41

عَنِ الرُّبَيِّعِ بِنْتِ مُعَوِّذٍ قَالَتْ نُصَوِّمُ صِبْيَانَنَا وَنَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ اللُّعْبَةَ مِنَ الْعِهْنِ فَإِذَا بَكَى أَحَدُهُمْ عَلَى الطَّعَامِ أَعْطَيْنَاهُ ذَاكَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ عِنْدَ الإِفْطَارِ

1859 صحيح البخاري كتاب الصوم باب صوم الصبيان

1136 صحيح مسلم كتاب الصيام باب من أكل في عاشوراء

وقال ابن قدامة يجب صيام رمضان على كل مسلم بالغ عاقل قادر على الصوم ويؤمر به الصبي إذا أطاقه

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