Hadith on Quran: Teach me to recite a comprehensive Surah

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him, and he said, “Teach me to recite, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet said, “Recite three chapters which begin with Alif Lam Ra.” The man said, “I am very old. It will be difficult on my heart and rough on my tongue.” The Prophet said, “Recite three chapters which begin with Ha Mim.” The man said as he did before. The Prophet said, “Recite three chapters which begin with the glory of Allah.” The man said as he did before and he added, “O Messenger of Allah, teach me a comprehensive chapter.” The Prophet recited the verses, “When the earth is shaken…” (99:1) until he reached the end of the chapter. The man said, “By Him who sent you with the truth, I will never add anything to it.” Then the man departed and the Prophet said, “The little man has succeeded.”

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 1399

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Al-Arna’ut

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ أَتَى رَجُلٌ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ أَقْرِئْنِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ ثَلَاثًا مِنْ ذَوَاتِ الر فَقَالَ كَبُرَتْ سِنِّي وَاشْتَدَّ قَلْبِي وَغَلُظَ لِسَانِي قَالَ فَاقْرَأْ ثَلَاثًا مِنْ ذَوَاتِ حاميم فَقَالَ مِثْلَ مَقَالَتِهِ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ ثَلَاثًا مِنْ الْمُسَبِّحَاتِ فَقَالَ مِثْلَ مَقَالَتِهِ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَقْرِئْنِي سُورَةً جَامِعَةً فَأَقْرَأَهُ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا زُلْزِلَتْ الْأَرْضُ حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنْهَا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ لَا أَزِيدُ عَلَيْهَا أَبَدًا ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَفْلَحَ الرُّوَيْجِلُ مَرَّتَيْنِ

1399 سنن أبي داود كتاب الصلاة أبواب قراءة القرآن وتحزيبه وترتيله باب تحزيب القرآن

1399 المحدث شعيب الأرناؤوط خلاصة حكم المحدث إسناده حسن في تخريج سنن أبي داود