Hadith on Travel: Permission to fast or not on journey, whatever is easiest

Aisha reported: Hamzah ibn Amr asked the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, about fasting while traveling. The Prophet said, “If you wish, you may fast. And if you wish, you may break your fast.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1841, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1121

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Hajar said, “The majority of scholars, among them Malik, Al-Shafi’i, and Abu Hanifa, maintain that fasting is better for those who have strength and will not experience difficulty. Many of them said it is better to break the fast as a concession, which is the opinion of Al-Awza’i, Ahmad, and Ishaq.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 1844

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ سَأَلَ حَمْزَةُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الْأَسْلَمِيُّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الصِّيَامِ فِي السَّفَرِ فَقَالَ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَصُمْ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَفْطِرْ

1841 صحيح البخاري كتاب الصوم باب الصوم في السفر والإفطار

1121 صحيح مسلم كتاب الصيام باب التخيير في الصوم والفطر في السفر

قال ابن حجر وَذَهَبَ أَكْثَرُ الْعُلَمَاءِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَالِكٌ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَبُو حَنِيفَةَ إِلَى أَنَّ الصَّوْمَ أَفْضَلُ لِمَنْ قَوِيَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَشُقَّ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ كَثِيرٌ مِنْهُمْ الْفِطْرُ أَفْضَلُ عَمَلًا بِالرُّخْصَةِ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الْأَوْزَاعِيِّ وَأَحْمَدَ وَإِسْحَاقَ

1844 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري