Hadith on Leadership: Disapproval of seeking power, authority

Abdur Rahman ibn Samurah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said to me, “O Abdur Rahman, do not ask for authority. If it is given to you at your request, you will be held fully responsible for it. If it is given to you without your request, you will be helped by Allah in it.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6727, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1652

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Hajar said, “The meaning of the tradition is that whoever seeks authority and is given it will forfeit his support from Allah, due to his desire. Another benefit in it is that seeking the mandate to judge is discouraged, including authority, judiciary, enforcement and so on, as whoever desires them will not be helped by Allah.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 13/133

عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ لِي النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَا عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ سَمُرَةَ لَا تَسْأَلْ الْإِمَارَةَ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ أُعْطِيتَهَا عَنْ مَسْأَلَةٍ وُكِلْتَ إِلَيْهَا وَإِنْ أُعْطِيتَهَا عَنْ غَيْرِ مَسْأَلَةٍ أُعِنْتَ عَلَيْهَا

6727 صحيح البخاري كتاب الأحكام باب من لم يسأل الإمارة أعانه الله عليها

1652 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإمارة باب النهي عن طلب الإمارة والحرص عليها

وقال بن حجر وَمَعْنَى الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ مَنْ طَلَبَ الْإِمَارَةَ فَأُعْطِيَهَا تُرِكَتْ إِعَانَتُهُ عَلَيْهَا مِنْ أَجْلِ حِرْصِهِ وَيُسْتَفَادُ مِنْهُ أَنَّ طَلَبَ مَا يَتَعَلَّقُ بِالْحُكْمِ مَكْرُوهٌ فَيَدْخُلُ فِي الْإِمَارَةِ الْقَضَاءُ وَالْحِسْبَةُ وَنَحْوُ ذَلِكَ وَأَنَّ مَنْ حَرَصَ عَلَى ذَلِكَ لَا يُعَانُ

13/133 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري