Hadith on Commands: The Prophet orders his companion to do nine things

Abu Darda reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, enjoined upon me nine deeds, “Do not associate anything with Allah, even if you are cut or burned. Do not deliberately leave off the prescribed prayer, for those who leave it have forfeited protection from Allah. Do not drink wine, for it is the key opening of every evil. Obey your parents, even if they order you to take from your worldly possession then take it out for them. Do not contend with those in authority, even if you think you are right. Do not run away when the army advances, even if you meet your demise and your companions flee. Send from your means upon your family and do not raise the rod against them. And enjoin them for fear Allah Almighty.

Source: al-Adab al-Mufrad 14

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Ibn Hajar

عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ أَوْصَانِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِتِسْعٍ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا وَإِنْ قُطِّعْتَ أَوْ حُرِّقْتَ وَلَا تَتْرُكَنَّ الصَّلَاةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ مُتَعَمِّدًا وَمَنْ تَرَكَهَا مُتَعَمِّدًا بَرِئَتْ مِنْهُ الذِّمَّةُ وَلَا تَشْرَبَنَّ الْخَمْرَ فَإِنَّهَا مِفْتَاحُ كُلِّ شَرٍّ وَأَطِعْ وَالِدَيْكَ وَإِنْ أَمَرَاكَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ مِنْ دنياك فاخرج لهما ولا تُنَازِعَنَّ وُلَاةَ الْأَمْرِ وَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنَّكَ أَنْتَ وَلَا تفرِر مِنَ الزَّحْفِ وَإِنْ هَلَكْتَ وَفَرَّ أَصْحَابُكَ وَأَنْفِقْ مِنْ طَولك عَلَى أَهْلِكَ وَلَا تَرْفَعْ عَصَاكَ عَنْ أَهْلِكَ وَأَخِفْهُمْ فِي اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ

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