Hadith on Debt: Paying debts on behalf of deceased

Salamah ibn al-Akwa’ reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was presented with a funeral for him to pray over it. The Prophet said, “Does he have debt?” They said no, so the Prophet prayed over him. Then he was presented with another funeral and the Prophet said, “Does he have debt?” They said yes. The Prophet said, “Pray over your companion.” Abu Qatadah said, “I take responsibility for his debt, O Messenger of Allah,” so the Prophet prayed over him.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2173

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

Ibn Battal said, “The majority of scholars agree upon the validity of this transference of responsibility and it is not for him to revoke it regarding the wealth of the deceased.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 2169

عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْأَكْوَعِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُتِيَ بِجَنَازَةٍ لِيُصَلِّيَ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ دَيْنٍ قَالُوا لَا فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أُتِيَ بِجَنَازَةٍ أُخْرَى فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ دَيْنٍ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ صَلُّوا عَلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ قَالَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ عَلَيَّ دَيْنُهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ

2173 صحيح البخاري كتاب الكفالة باب من تكفل عن ميت دينا فليس له أن يرجع

قَالَ ابْنُ بَطَّالٍ ذَهَبَ الْجُمْهُورُ إِلَى صِحَّةِ هَذِهِ الْكَفَالَةِ وَلَا رُجُوعَ لَهُ فِي مَالِ الْمَيِّتِ

2169 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري