Hadith on Tashahhud: Sending blessings on the Prophet in prayer

December 1, 2017

Abu Hameed reported: They said, “O Messenger of Allah, how should we send blessings upon you?” The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Say: O Allah, sanctify Muhammad and his wives and his progeny as you have sanctified the family of Abraham. And bless Muhammad and his wives and his progeny as you have blessed the family of Abraham. Verily, you are praiseworthy and glorious.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3189, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 407

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “Ash-Shafi’ee, may Allah have mercy on him, said in Al-Umm that one should send blessings upon the Prophet (ṣ) during the first sitting (tashahhud). This opinion of his is well-known in his school and it is new, but rather it is recommended and not obligatory.”

Source: Jalā’ al-Afhām 1/358

 عن أبي حميد الساعدي قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

3189 صحيح البخاري كتاب أحاديث الأنبياء باب قول الله تعالى واتخذ الله إبراهيم خليلا

407 صحيح مسلم كتاب الصلاة باب الصلاة على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بعد التشهد

وقال ابن القيم قَالَ الشَّافِعِي رَحمَه الله فِي الْأُم يصلى على النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم فِي التَّشَهُّد الأول هَذَا هُوَ الْمَشْهُور من مذْهبه وَهُوَ الْجَدِيد لكنه يسْتَحبّ وَلَيْسَ بِوَاجِب

1/358 جلاء الأفهام