Hadith on Freedom: Emancipating slaves is rewarded with protection from Hellfire

Abu Umamah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whenever a Muslim man emancipates a Muslim man, he will be his freedom from Hellfire; he will be rewarded for every limb of his in equal measure. Whenever a Muslim man emancipates two Muslim women, they will be his freedom from Hellfire; he will be rewarded for every limb of theirs in equal measure. Whenever a Muslim woman emancipates a Muslim woman, she will be her freedom from Hellfire; she will be rewarded for every limb of hers in equal measure.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1547

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to At-Tirmidhi

Al-Marghinani said, “For this reason it is preferred for men to free men and women to free women, so as to fulfill equivalency in limb for limb.”

Source: al-‘Ināyah fī Sharḥ al-Hidāyah 4/429

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ أَيُّمَا امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ أَعْتَقَ امْرَأً مُسْلِمًا كَانَ فَكَاكَهُ مِنْ النَّارِ يُجْزِي كُلُّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهُ عُضْوًا مِنْهُ وَأَيُّمَا امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ أَعْتَقَ امْرَأَتَيْنِ مُسْلِمَتَيْنِ كَانَتَا فَكَاكَهُ مِنْ النَّارِ يُجْزِي كُلُّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهُمَا عُضْوًا مِنْهُ وَأَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ مُسْلِمَةٍ أَعْتَقَتْ امْرَأَةً مُسْلِمَةً كَانَتْ فَكَاكَهَا مِنْ النَّارِ يُجْزِي كُلُّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهَا عُضْوًا مِنْهَا

1547 سنن الترمذي كتاب النذور والأيمان باب ما جاء في فضل من أعتق

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ

  قال المرغيناني وَلِهَذَا اسْتَحَبُّوا أَنْ يُعْتِقَ الرَّجُلُ الْعَبْدَ وَالْمَرْأَةُ الْأَمَةَ لِيَتَحَقَّقَ مُقَابَلَةُ الْأَعْضَاءِ بِالْأَعْضَاءِ

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