Hadith on Fitnah: The Prophet fought for freedom, not kingship

Sa’id ibn Jubayr reported: Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, came out to us and we hoped that he would narrate to us a good tradition. A man approached him and he said, “O Abu Abdur Rahman, tell us about fighting during times of persecution, as Allah said: And fight until there is no more persecution.” (8:39) Ibn Umar said, “Do you know what persecution is? May your mother be bereaved of you! Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, only fought the idolaters as there was persecution to make them enter their religion. It was not like your fighting for the sake of ruling.”

In another narration, Ibn Umar said, “A man used to be persecuted for his religion, whether they killed him or tortured him, until the followers of Islam became plentiful and there was no longer persecution.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6682

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنه فَرَجَوْنَا أَنْ يُحَدِّثَنَا حَدِيثًا حَسَنًا قَالَ فَبَادَرَنَا إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ حَدِّثْنَا عَنْ الْقِتَالِ فِي الْفِتْنَةِ وَاللَّهُ يَقُولُ وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ فَقَالَ هَلْ تَدْرِي مَا الْفِتْنَةُ ثَكِلَتْكَ أُمُّكَ إِنَّمَا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُقَاتِلُ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَكَانَ الدُّخُولُ فِي دِينِهِمْ فِتْنَةً وَلَيْسَ كَقِتَالِكُمْ عَلَى الْمُلْكِ

وفي رواية أخرى قال فَكَانَ الرَّجُلُ يُفْتَنُ فِي دِينِهِ إِمَّا قَتَلُوهُ وَإِمَّا يُعَذِّبُوهُ حَتَّى كَثُرَ الإِسْلاَمُ فَلَمْ تَكُنْ فِتْنَةٌ‏

6682 صحيح البخاري كتاب الفتن باب قول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الفتنة من قبل المشرق