Hadith on Peace: Obligation to accept peace offerings from enemy

Ibn Abbas reported: A man from the tribe of Sulaym passed by a group of companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he had some sheep with him. The man greeted them with peace and they said, “He only offered peace to protect himself.” They attacked him, killed him, and took his sheep. They went to the Prophet with them and Allah Almighty revealed the verse, “O you who have faith, when you go forth in the cause of Allah, do not say to whoever greets you with peace that you are not a believer.” (4:94)

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3030

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ مَرَّ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سُلَيْمٍ عَلَى نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَمَعَهُ غَنَمٌ لَهُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالُوا مَا سَلَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا لِيَتَعَوَّذَ مِنْكُمْ فَقَامُوا فَقَتَلُوهُ وَأَخَذُوا غَنَمَهُ فَأَتَوْا بِهَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَتَبَيَّنُوا وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَنْ أَلْقَى إِلَيْكُمْ السَّلَامَ لَسْتَ مُؤْمِنًا

3030 سنن الترمذي كتاب تفسير القرآن باب ومن سورة النساء

3030 المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث حسن صحيح في صحيح الترمذي