Hadith on Dishonesty: Allah punishes miserliness, false oaths

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection, nor will he look at them, nor will he purify them, and they will have a painful punishment: A man who has extra water in his vessel but prevents a traveler from drinking it. And a man who trades goods after midday prayer, swearing by Allah that he had taken it for a certain price but it is not so. And a man who pledges allegiance to a Muslim leader only for something in the world; if he is given he fulfills his pledge, and if he is not given he does not fulfill it.”

In another narration, the Prophet said, “Allah will say: Today I withhold my favor from me as you withheld the favor of what you did not work for with your hands.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2230, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 108

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَهَذَا حَدِيثُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثَلَاثٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ رَجُلٌ عَلَى فَضْلِ مَاءٍ بِالْفَلَاةِ يَمْنَعُهُ مِنْ ابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَرَجُلٌ بَايَعَ رَجُلًا بِسِلْعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ فَحَلَفَ لَهُ بِاللَّهِ لَأَخَذَهَا بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَصَدَّقَهُ وَهُوَ عَلَى غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ وَرَجُلٌ بَايَعَ إِمَامًا لَا يُبَايِعُهُ إِلَّا لِدُنْيَا فَإِنْ أَعْطَاهُ مِنْهَا وَفَى وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ مِنْهَا لَمْ يَفِ

وفي رواية أخرى قال فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ الْيَوْمَ أَمْنَعُكَ فَضْلِي كَمَا مَنَعْتَ فَضْلَ مَا لَمْ تَعْمَلْ يَدَاكَ

2230 صحيح البخاري كتاب الشرب والمساقاة باب إثم من منع ابن السبيل من الماء

108 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإيمان باب تحريم إسبال الإزار والمن بالعطية وتنفيق السلعة بالحلف وبيان الثلاثة الذين لا يكلمهم الله يوم القيامة