Ibn Umar on Salaam: Ibn Umar greets all in market, even non-Muslims

Al-Tufayl reported: I would come with Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, to the market and when we did so, Ibn Umar would not pass anyone but that he would greet them with peace, whether they were selling merchandise or were poor. I came to Ibn Umar one day and asked him to follow me to the market. I said, “What will you do in the market, if you will not sell or buy or barter or sit in the gatherings?” Ibn Umar said, “O you with a big belly, we only go out in the morning to greet them with peace. We greet with peace whomever we meet.”

Source: al-Muwaṭṭa’ 1793

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ibn al-Qayyim

Ibn Abdul Barr said, “It is narrated from Ibn Mas’ud, Abu Darda, and Fadalah ibn ‘Ubayd that they would initiate the greeting of peace with non-Muslim citizens. Ibn Mas’ud once wrote to a man among the people of the Book and he said: Peace be upon you.”

Source: al-Tamhīd 17/91

عن الطُّفَيْل بْن أُبَيِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ قال كَانَ يَأْتِي عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنه فَيَغْدُو مَعَهُ إِلَى السُّوقِ قَالَ فَإِذَا غَدَوْنَا إِلَى السُّوقِ لَمْ يَمُرَّ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ عَلَى سَقَاطٍ وَلَا صَاحِبِ بِيعَةٍ وَلَا مِسْكِينٍ وَلَا أَحَدٍ إِلَّا سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ الطُّفَيْلُ فَجِئْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ يَوْمًا فَاسْتَتْبَعَنِي إِلَى السُّوقِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ وَمَا تَصْنَعُ فِي السُّوقِ وَأَنْتَ لَا تَقِفُ عَلَى الْبَيِّعِ وَلَا تَسْأَلُ عَنْ السِّلَعِ وَلَا تَسُومُ بِهَا وَلَا تَجْلِسُ فِي مَجَالِسِ السُّوقِ قَالَ وَأَقُولُ اجْلِسْ بِنَا هَاهُنَا نَتَحَدَّثُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ يَا أَبَا بَطْنٍ وَكَانَ الطُّفَيْلُ ذَا بَطْنٍ إِنَّمَا نَغْدُو مِنْ أَجْلِ السَّلَامِ نُسَلِّمُ عَلَى مَنْ لَقِيَنَا

1793 موطأ مالك كتاب الجامع باب السلام

14/101 المحدث ابن القيم خلاصة حكم المحدث إسناده صحيح في تهذيب السنن

قال ابن عبد البر وَرُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَأَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ وَفَضَالَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَبْدَءُونَ أَهْلَ الذِّمَّةِ بِالسَّلَامِ وَعَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ أَنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ

17/91 التمهيد لما في الموطأ من المعاني والأسانيد