Hadith on Tafseer: Ibn Abbas explains the Quran to a confused man

Sa’eed bin Jubair reported: A man asked Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, saying: I find some things in the Qur’an which confuse me,  “There will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another (23:101), and “They will turn to one another and question one another” (37:27), and “They will never be able to hide a single fact from Allah “(4:42),and “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others in worship with Allah” (6:23) However, in this verse they did hide something. Allah said, “Are you more difficult to create or is the heaven that He constructed” until, “And after that He spread the earth” (79:27-30). So He mentioned the creation of the heavens before the earth, then He said, “Say: Do you verily disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two days” until, “We come willingly.” Here He mentioned the creation of the earth before the creation of the heavens, and He said, “Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” (4:23) and, “Almighty, Wise” (4:56), and “Hearing, Seeing” (4:58). It is as if He was and is no longer.

Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, replied, “There will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another” (23:101), this will happen when the Trumpet is blown for the first time, “All who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will perish, except him whom Allah wills” (39:68), and at that time there will be no kinship among them, nor will they ask one another. Then when the Trumpet is blown again, “They will turn to one another and question one another” (37:27). Regarding the verse, “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others in worship with Allah” (6:23), and, “They will never be able to hide a single fact from Allah” (4:42), Allah will forgive the sincere believers their sins, then the idolaters will say, “Let us say that we never joined others in worship with Allah.” Then a seal will be placed over their mouths and their hands will speak. Then it will be known that not a single fact can be hidden from Allah, and at that point, “Those who disbelieved will wish” (4:42). Allah created the earth in two days, then He created the heavens, then He rose above the heaven and gave it shape in two more days. Then He spread the earth, which means that He brought forth therefrom its water and its pasture, and He created the mountains, sands, inanimate things, rocks, hills, and everything in between in two more days. This is what Allah says, “He spread the earth” (79:30) Allah said, “He created the earth in two days,” so He created the earth and everything in it in four days and He created the heavens in two days, and “Verily, Allah Forgiving, Merciful” (4:23). This is how He described Himself and this is how He still is. Whatever Allah wills comes to pass, so do not be confused about the Quran, for all of it comes from Allah.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 4358

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ لِابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنِّي أَجِدُ فِي الْقُرْآنِ أَشْيَاءَ تَخْتَلِفُ عَلَيَّ قَالَ فَلَا أَنْسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ وَأَقْبَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ وَلَا يَكْتُمُونَ اللَّهَ حَدِيثًا وَاللَّهِ رَبِّنَا مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ فَقَدْ كَتَمُوا فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ وَقَالَ أَمْ السَّمَاءُ بَنَاهَا إِلَى قَوْلِهِ دَحَاهَا فَذَكَرَ خَلْقَ السَّمَاءِ قَبْلَ خَلْقِ الْأَرْضِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَكْفُرُونَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ طَائِعِينَ فَذَكَرَ فِي هَذِهِ خَلْقَ الْأَرْضِ قَبْلَ خَلْقِ السَّمَاءِ وَقَالَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا فَكَأَنَّهُ كَانَ ثُمَّ مَضَى

فَقَالَ فَلَا أَنْسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي النَّفْخَةِ الْأُولَى ثُمَّ يُنْفَخُ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ فَلَا أَنْسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ ثُمَّ فِي النَّفْخَةِ الْآخِرَةِ أَقْبَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ وَأَمَّا قَوْلُهُ مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ وَلَا يَكْتُمُونَ اللَّهَ حَدِيثًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ لِأَهْلِ الْإِخْلَاصِ ذُنُوبَهُمْ وَقَالَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ تَعَالَوْا نَقُولُ لَمْ نَكُنْ مُشْرِكِينَ فَخُتِمَ عَلَى أَفْوَاهِهِمْ فَتَنْطِقُ أَيْدِيهِمْ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ عُرِفَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُكْتَمُ حَدِيثًا وَعِنْدَهُ يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْآيَةَ وَخَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ ثُمَّ خَلَقَ السَّمَاءَ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَسَوَّاهُنَّ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ آخَرَيْنِ ثُمَّ دَحَا الْأَرْضَ وَدَحْوُهَا أَنْ أَخْرَجَ مِنْهَا الْمَاءَ وَالْمَرْعَى وَخَلَقَ الْجِبَالَ وَالْجِمَالَ وَالْآكَامَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي يَوْمَيْنِ آخَرَيْنِ فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ دَحَاهَا وَقَوْلُهُ خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَجُعِلَتْ الْأَرْضُ وَمَا فِيهَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فِي أَرْبَعَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَخُلِقَتْ السَّمَوَاتُ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا سَمَّى نَفْسَهُ ذَلِكَ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ أَيْ لَمْ يَزَلْ كَذَلِكَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يُرِدْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا أَصَابَ بِهِ الَّذِي أَرَادَ فَلَا يَخْتَلِفْ عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنُ فَإِنَّ كُلًّا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ

4538 صحيح البخاري كِتَاب تَفْسِيرِ الْقُرْآنِ سُورَةُ حم السَّجْدَةِ