Malik on Rape: Rapist must be punished, victim not punished

Ibn Shihab reported: The Caliph Abdul Malik ibn Marwan judged that a woman who was raped must be paid her dowry by the one who raped her.

Malik said, “The issue among us concerning the man who rapes a woman, whether she is a virgin or not, is that he must pay her dowry if she is free. If she is a servant, he must pay what has been taken from her value. The legal punishment is applied to the rapist and there is no punishment for the woman who was raped in any case.”

Source: al-Muwaṭṭa’ 1418

عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الْمَلِكِ بْنَ مَرْوَانَ قَضَى فِي امْرَأَةٍ أُصِيبَتْ مُسْتَكْرَهَةً بِصَدَاقِهَا عَلَى مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بِهَا

قال مالك الْأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الرَّجُلِ يَغْتَصِبُ الْمَرْأَةَ بِكْرًا كَانَتْ أَوْ ثَيِّبًا إِنَّهَا إِنْ كَانَتْ حُرَّةً فَعَلَيْهِ صَدَاقُ مِثْلِهَا وَإِنْ كَانَتْ أَمَةً فَعَلَيْهِ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ ثَمَنِهَا وَالْعُقُوبَةُ فِي ذَلِكَ عَلَى الْمُغْتَصِبِ وَلَا عُقُوبَةَ عَلَى الْمُغْتَصَبَةِ فِي ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ

1418 موطأ مالك كتاب الأقضية باب القضاء في المستكرهة من النساء