Hadith on Women: Great women like Maryam, Asiyah, and Aisha

Abu Musa reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There were many men who achieved perfection, and none were perfect among women but Asiyah, the wife of Pharaoh, and Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran. Verily, the virtue of Aisha over other women is like the virtue of a fine stew over all other foods.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3230, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2431

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Hajar said, “It is inferred by this limitation (to Asiyah and Mary) that they were both prophets, as the most perfect of human beings are the prophets, then the saints, the truthful, and the martyrs. If they were not both prophets, it must be that there is neither sainthood, nor truthfulness, nor martyrdom among women. The reality is that these characteristics are found in many of them, so it is as if the Prophet said that none among women achieved prophecy except these two.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 5102

عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَمَلَ مِنْ الرِّجَالِ كَثِيرٌ وَلَمْ يَكْمُلْ مِنْ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا آسِيَةُ امْرَأَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَرْيَمُ بِنْتُ عِمْرَانَ وَإِنَّ فَضْلَ عَائِشَةَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ كَفَضْلِ الثَّرِيدِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الطَّعَامِ

3230 صحيح البخاري كتاب أحاديث الأنبياء باب قول الله تعالى وضرب الله مثلا للذين آمنوا امرأة فرعون

2431 صحيح مسلم كتاب فضائل الصحابة باب فضائل خديجة أم المؤمنين رضي الله تعالى عنها

قال ابن حجر اسْتَدَلَّ بِهَذَا الْحَصْرِ عَلَى أَنَّهُمَا نَبِيَّتَانِ لِأَنَّ أَكْمَلَ النَّوْعِ الْإِنْسَانِيِّ الْأَنْبِيَاءُ ثُمَّ الْأَوْلِيَاءُ وَالصِّدِّيقُونَ وَالشُّهَدَاءُ فَلَوْ كَانَتَا غَيْرَ نَبِيَّتَيْنِ لَلَزِمَ أَلَّا يَكُونَ فِي النِّسَاءِ وَلِيَّةٌ وَلَا صِدِّيقَةٌ وَلَا شَهِيدَةٌ وَالْوَاقِعُ أَنَّ هَذِهِ الصِّفَاتِ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنْهُنَّ مَوْجُودَةٌ فَكَأَنَّهُ قَالَ وَلَمْ يُنَبَّأْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا فُلَانَةٌ وَفُلَانَةٌ

5102 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري