Hadith on Jihad: The Prophet fought for freedom to practice Islam

Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I have been commanded to fight the people until they say there is no God but Allah. If they say there is no God but Allah, then they will be granted protection from me for their lives and property, except by right of justice, and their reckoning is with Allah.” Then, the Prophet recited the verse, “Verily, you are only a reminder. You are not over them as a dictator.” (88:22)

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 21

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim

Ibn Taymiyyah said, “The meaning of this tradition is to fight those who are waging war, whom Allah has called us to fight. It does not mean to fight those who have made peace, with whom Allah has commanded us to fulfill their peace.”

Source: Majmū’ al-Fatāwá 19/20

Ibn Rajab said, “The meaning is that your duty is only to remind them about Allah and to preach to them. You do not have authority to insert faith into their hearts by force; you are not responsible for that.”

Source: Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam 1/236

عَنْ جَابِرٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَقُولُوا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ فَإِذَا قَالُوا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ إِلَّا بِحَقِّهَا وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

21 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإيمان باب الأمر بقتال الناس حتى يقولوا لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله

قال ابن تيمية مُرَادُهُ قِتَالُ الْمُحَارِبِينَ الَّذِينَ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ فِي قِتَالِهِمْ لَمْ يُرِدْ قِتَالَ الْمُعَاهَدِينَ الَّذِينَ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِوَفَاءِ عَهْدِهِمْ

19/20 مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية أصول الفقه الاتباع رسالة إيضاح الدلالة في عموم الرسالة فصل أرسل الله رسوله محمدا إلى جميع الثقلين

قال ابن رجب وَالْمَعْنَى إِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ تَذْكِيرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ وَدَعْوَتُهُمْ إِلَيْهِ وَلَسْتَ مُسَلَّطًا عَلَى إِدْخَالِ الْإِيمَانِ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ قَهْرًا وَلَا مُكَلَّفًا بِذَلِكَ

1/236 جامع العلوم والحكم الحديث الثامن