Hadith on Bloodshed: Those who put women and children in danger are responsible for them

Sa’b ibn Jathama reported: He passed by the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, near Al-Abwa or Waddan and he asked about the people who lived among the idolaters and whose women and children were killed. The Prophet said, “They are among them.”

Az-Zuhri said, “Thereafter, the Messenger of Allah prohibited the killing of women and children.”

Source: Sahih Bukhari 2850, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

Ibn Hajar said, “His saying: They are among them, means the ruling is regarding these specific conditions, and it does not mean that it is permissible to kill them by deliberately targeting them.”

Source: Fath ul-Bari

Ibn Umar reported: A women was found slain during one of the battles of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, so he prohibited the killing of women and children.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 2852, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

عَنْ الصَّعْبِ بْنِ جَثَّامَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ قَالَ مَرَّ بِيَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالْأَبْوَاءِ أَوْ بِوَدَّانَ وَسُئِلَ عَنْ أَهْلِ الدَّارِ يُبَيَّتُونَ مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَيُصَابُ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ وَذَرَارِيِّهِمْ قَالَ هُمْ مِنْهُمْ

قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ ثُمَّ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ عَنْ قَتْلِ النِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ

2850 صحيح البخاري كِتَاب الْجِهَادِ وَالسِّيَرِ بَاب أَهْلِ الدَّارِ يُبَيَّتُونَ فَيُصَابُ الْوِلْدَانُ وَالذَّرَارِيُّ

قال ابن حجر قَوْلُهُ هُمْ مِنْهُمْ أَيْ فِي الْحُكْمِ تِلْكَ الْحَالَةَ وَلَيْسَ الْمُرَادُ إِبَاحَةَ قَتْلِهِمْ بِطَرِيقِ الْقَصْدِ إِلَيْهِمْ

فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري كِتَاب الْجِهَادِ وَالسِّيَرِ الولدان والذراري

عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ وُجِدَتْ امْرَأَةٌ مَقْتُولَةً فِي بَعْضِ مَغَازِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَنَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ قَتْلِ النِّسَاءِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ

2852 صحيح البخاري كتاب الجهاد والسير باب قتل النساء في الحرب