Hadith on Immunity: Diplomatic immunity granted to enemy forces

Nu’aym ibn Mas’ud reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, speaking to those who were reading the letter of the false prophet Musaylimah the Liar, saying, “What do you both say?” They said, “We say what he said.” The Prophet said, “By Allah, were it not that diplomats are not killed, I would strike both of your necks.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2761

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

Ibn Qudamah said, “When immunity is given to enemy combatants, it is forbidden to kill them, seize their wealth, or confront them. Immunity is valid if given by any adult, sane, selected Muslim, male or female, free or slave. This was said by Al-Thawri, Al-Awza’i, Al-Shafi’i, Ishaq, Ibn al-Qasim, and the majority of the people of knowledge.”

Source: al-Mughnī 9/195

عَنْ نُعَيْمٍ بن مسعود قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ لَهُمَا حِينَ قَرَأَ كِتَابَ مُسَيْلِمَةَ مَا تَقُولَانِ أَنْتُمَا قَالَا نَقُولُ كَمَا قَالَ قَالَ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ لَوْلَا أَنَّ الرُّسُلَ لَا تُقْتَلُ لَضَرَبْتُ أَعْنَاقَكُمَا

2761 سنن أبي داود كتاب الجهاد باب في الرسل

2761 المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح في صحيح أبي داود

قال ابن قدامة أَنَّ الْأَمَانَ إذَا أُعْطِيَ أَهْلَ الْحَرْبِ حَرُمَ قَتْلُهُمْ وَمَالُهُمْ وَالتَّعَرُّضُ لَهُمْ وَيَصِحُّ مِنْ كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ بَالِغٍ عَاقِلٍ مُخْتَارٍ ذَكَرًا كَانَ أَوْ أُنْثَى حُرًّا كَانَ أَوْ عَبْدًا وَبِهَذَا قَالَ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَالْأَوْزَاعِيُّ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَإِسْحَاقُ وَابْنُ الْقَاسِمِ وَأَكْثَرُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ

9/195 المغني لابن قدامة كتاب الجهاد