Hadith on Thieves: Cutting the hand applied to grand theft, not petty theft

Aisha reported: The hand of the thief was never cut in the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, for what is less than the price of a shield or piece of armor, and both of them were expensive.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6408, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1685

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Al-Nawawi said, “That they were both expensive indicates that cutting the hand is not applied to petty theft. Rather, it is specific to what is obviously valuable.”

Source: Sharḥ al-Nawawī ‘alá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1685

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ لَمْ تُقْطَعْ يَدُ سَارِقٍ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي أَقَلَّ مِنْ ثَمَنِ الْمِجَنِّ حَجَفَةٍ أَوْ تُرْسٍ وَكِلَاهُمَا ذُو ثَمَنٍ

6408 صحيح البخاري كتاب الحدود باب قول الله تعالى والسارق والسارقة فاقطعوا أيديهما

1685 صحيح مسلم كتاب الحدود باب حد السرقة ونصابها

قال النووي وَكِلَاهُمَا ذُو ثَمَنٍ إِشَارَةٌ إِلَى أَنَّ الْقَطْعَ لَا يَكُونُ فِيمَا قَلَّ بَلْ يَخْتَصُّ بِمَا لَهُ ثَمَنٌ ظَاهِرٌ

1685 شرح النووي على مسلم