Hadith on Jihad: The Prophet forbids killing civilians, children

Rabah ibn Rabi’ reported: We were with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, during an expedition. The Prophet saw some people gathered around something, so he sent a man and he said, “Go and see for what they have gathered.” The man returned and he said, “It was a woman who has been killed.” The Prophet said, “She was not fighting.” Khalid ibn al-Walid was in the advanced guard, so the Prophet sent a man to him saying, “Do not kill women or workers.”

In another narration, the Prophet said, “Do not kill children or workers.”

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2669

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

عَنْ رَبَاحِ بْنِ رَبِيعٍ قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي غَزْوَةٍ فَرَأَى النَّاسَ مُجْتَمِعِينَ عَلَى شَيْءٍ فَبَعَثَ رَجُلًا فَقَالَ انْظُرْ عَلَامَ اجْتَمَعَ هَؤُلَاءِ فَجَاءَ فَقَالَ عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ قَتِيلٍ فَقَالَ مَا كَانَتْ هَذِهِ لِتُقَاتِلَ قَالَ وَعَلَى الْمُقَدِّمَةِ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ فَبَعَثَ رَجُلًا فَقَالَ قُلْ لِخَالِدٍ لَا يَقْتُلَنَّ امْرَأَةً وَلَا عَسِيفًا

وفي رواية أخرى قال لَا تَقْتُلَنَّ ذُرِّيَّةً وَلَا عَسِيفًا

2669 سنن أبي داود كِتَاب الْجِهَادِ لا يقتلن امرأة ولا عسيفا

2669 المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث حسن صحيح في صحيح أبي داود