Hadith on Sulayman: Wisdom of Solomon, son of David

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There were two women, each of whom had a child. A wolf came and took one of their children, so one woman said, ‘It has taken your child!’ The other woman said, ‘No, rather it has taken your child!’ They took their case to David, who judged in favor of the old woman. Then, both of them went to Solomon, son of David, and told him about the matter. Solomon said, ‘Bring me a knife, I will cut him into two pieces.’ The young woman, ‘Do not do it, may Allah have mercy on you! It is her child.’ Thus, Solomon judged in favor of the young woman.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3244, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1720

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ كَانَتْ امْرَأَتَانِ مَعَهُمَا ابْنَاهُمَا جَاءَ الذِّئْبُ فَذَهَبَ بِابْنِ إِحْدَاهُمَا فَقَالَتْ صَاحِبَتُهَا إِنَّمَا ذَهَبَ بِابْنِكِ وَقَالَتْ الْأُخْرَى إِنَّمَا ذَهَبَ بِابْنِكِ فَتَحَاكَمَتَا إِلَى دَاوُدَ فَقَضَى بِهِ لِلْكُبْرَى فَخَرَجَتَا عَلَى سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ فَأَخْبَرَتَاهُ فَقَالَ ائْتُونِي بِالسِّكِّينِ أَشُقُّهُ بَيْنَهُمَا فَقَالَتْ الصُّغْرَى لَا تَفْعَلْ يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ هُوَ ابْنُهَا فَقَضَى بِهِ لِلصُّغْرَى

3244 صحيح البخاري كتاب أحاديث الأنبياء باب قول الله تعالى ووهبنا لداود سليمان نعم العبد إنه أواب

1720 صحيح مسلم كتاب الأقضية باب بيان اختلاف المجتهدين