Hadith on Charity: Strong encouragement to spend in charity from surplus wealth

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: We were travelling with the Prophet when a rider came and began to look right and left. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever has an extra mount should give it to one who has no mount. Whoever has extra provisions should give them to one without provision,” and the Prophet mentioned so many kinds of property until we thought that none of us had a right to a surplus.

Source: Sahih Muslim 1728

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قَالَ بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ فِي سَفَرٍ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذْ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ عَلَى رَاحِلَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَجَعَلَ يَصْرِفُ بَصَرَهُ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ فَضْلُ ظَهْرٍ فَلْيَعُدْ بِهِ عَلَى مَنْ لَا ظَهْرَ لَهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ لَهُ فَضْلٌ مِنْ زَادٍ فَلْيَعُدْ بِهِ عَلَى مَنْ لَا زَادَ لَهُ قَالَ فَذَكَرَ مِنْ أَصْنَافِ الْمَالِ مَا ذَكَرَ حَتَّى رَأَيْنَا أَنَّهُ لَا حَقَّ لِأَحَدٍ مِنَّا فِي فَضْلٍ

1728 صحيح مسلم كِتَاب اللُّقَطَةِ بَاب اسْتِحْبَابِ الْمُؤَاسَاةِ بِفُضُولِ الْمَالِ