Umar on Justice: Judge Shurayh rules against the Caliph

Al-Sha’bi reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, took a horse from a man and while he was test-riding it, the horse slipped and damaged its leg. The man wanted a judgment concerning it. Umar said, “Let a man judge between us.” The man said, “Indeed, I would be satisfied with Shurayh from Iraq.” They went to Shurayh and he said to Umar, “You have taken the horse in healthy and good condition, so you are responsible for it such that you must return it in healthy and good condition.” Thus, he ruled against the Caliph. Umar was so impressed that he appointed him as a judge.

Source: Tārīkh Dimashq 22219

عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ قَالَ أَخَذَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ رضي الله عنه فَرَسًا مِنْ رَجُلٍ عَلَى سَوْمٍ فَحَمَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلا فَعَطِبَ عِنْدَهُ فَخَاصَمَهُ فَحَاكَمَهُ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ اجْعَلْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ رَجُلا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ فَإِنِّي أَرْضَى بِشُرَيْحٍ الْعِرَاقِيِّ فَأَتَوْا شُرَيْحًا فَقَالَ شُرَيْحٌ لِعُمَرَ أَخَذْتَهُ صَحِيحًا سَلِيمًا فَأَنْتَ لَهُ ضَامِنٌ حَتَّى تَرُدَّهُ صَحِيحًا سَلِيمًا فَأَعْجَبَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ فَبَعَثَهُ قَاضِيًا

22219 تاريخ دمشق لابن عساكر حرف السين ذكر من اسمه شريح