Hadith on Justice: The Prophet supports universal justice, Hilf al-Fudul

Talha ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I witnessed a pact of justice in the house of Abdullah ibn Jud’an that was more beloved to me than a herd of expensive red camels. If I were called to it now in the time of Islam, I would respond.

In another narration, the Prophet said, “Make such pacts to restore rights to their owners and that no oppressor has strength over the oppressed.”

Source: al-Sunan al-Kubrá 12114

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ibn al-Mulaqqin

Ibn Hisham said, “They promised and pledged that they would not find any wronged person among their people, or anyone else who entered Mecca, but that they would support him. They would stand against whoever oppressed them until the rights of the oppressed were restored.”

Source: al-Sīrah al-Nabawīyah 1/123

عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ أَن رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لَقَدْ شَهِدْتُ فِي دَارِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جُدْعَانَ حِلْفًا مَا أُحِبُّ أَنَّ لِيَ بِهِ حُمْرَ النَّعَمِ وَلَوْ أُدْعَى بِهِ فِي الإِسْلامِ لأَجَبْتُ

وفي رواية أخرى قال تَحَالَفُوا أَنْ تُرَدَّ الْفُضُولُ عَلَى أَهْلِهَا وَأَلَّا يَعُزَّ ظَالِمٌ مَظْلُومًا

12114 السنن الكبرى للبيهقي كتاب الوصايا جماع أبواب تفريق الخمس

7/325 المحدث ابن الملقن خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح في البدر المنير

قال ابن هشام فَتَعَاقَدُوا وَتَعَاهَدُوا عَلَى أَنْ لَا يَجِدُوا بِمَكَّةَ مَظْلُومًا مِنْ أَهْلِهَا وَغَيْرِهِمْ مِمَّنْ دَخَلَهَا مِنْ سَائِرِ النَّاسِ إلَّا قَامُوا مَعَهُ وَكَانُوا عَلَى مَنْ ظَلَمَهُ حَتَّى تُرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ مَظْلِمَتُهُ

1/123 السيرة النبوية لابن هشام