Hadith on Pardon: The Prophet forgives idolater who tried to kill him

Jabir reported: He took part in the expedition with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, against Najd. When the time for afternoon rest approached, he was in a valley of thorny trees. The Prophet dismounted under a tree to rest in its shade and hung his sword upon it. The people dispersed among the trees in order to use their shade. While we were like this, the Prophet called us and we came to find a desert Arab sitting in front of him. The Prophet said, “This person came to me while I was asleep and he quietly took my sword. I woke up while he was standing over my head, holding my unsheathed sword. He said: Who will protect you from me? I said: Allah, three times.” The Prophet did not punish him and he sat down.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2753, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 843

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

In another narration, the man said, “Who will protect you from me?” The Prophet said, “Allah Almighty.” Then the sword fell from his hand and the Prophet seized it. The Prophet said, “Who will protect you from me?” The man said, “Be good to me!” The Prophet said, “Will you bear witness that there is no god but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah?” The man said, “No, but I give you my word that I will not fight you and I will not join anyone who is fighting you.” The Prophet let him go on his way. The man returned to his people and said, “I have just come to you from the best of people!”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 14768

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ahmad Shakir

عن جابر أَنَّهُ غَزَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قِبَلَ نَجْدٍ فَلَمَّا قَفَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَفَلَ مَعَهُ فَأَدْرَكَتْهُمْ الْقَائِلَةُ فِي وَادٍ كَثِيرِ الْعِضَاهِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَتَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ يَسْتَظِلُّونَ بِالشَّجَرِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَحْتَ سَمُرَةٍ وَعَلَّقَ بِهَا سَيْفَهُ وَنِمْنَا نَوْمَةً فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَدْعُونَا وَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ أَعْرَابِيٌّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا اخْتَرَطَ عَلَيَّ سَيْفِي وَأَنَا نَائِمٌ فَاسْتَيْقَظْتُ وَهُوَ فِي يَدِهِ صَلْتًا فَقَالَ مَنْ يَمْنَعُكَ مِنِّي فَقُلْتُ اللَّهُ ثَلَاثًا وَلَمْ يُعَاقِبْهُ وَجَلَسَ

2753 صحيح البخاري كتاب الجهاد والسير باب من علق سيفه بالشجر في السفر عند القائلة

843 صحيح مسلم كتاب الفضائل باب توكله على الله تعالى وعصمة الله تعالى له من الناس

وفي رواية فقال مَنْ يَمْنَعُكَ مِنِّي قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَسَقَطَ السَّيْفُ مِنْ يَدِهِ فَأَخَذَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ مَنْ يَمْنَعُكَ مِنِّي قَالَ كُنْ كَخَيْرِ آخِذٍ قَالَ أَتَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ لَا وَلَكِنْ أُعَاهِدُكَ عَلَى أَنْ لَا أُقَاتِلَكَ وَلَا أَكُونَ مَعَ قَوْمٍ يُقَاتِلُونَكَ فَخَلَّى سَبِيلَهُ فَأَتَى قَوْمَهُ فَقَالَ جِئْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِ خَيْرِ النَّاسِ

14768 مسند أحمد باقي مسند المكثرين

1/567 المحدث أحمد شاكر خلاصة حكم المحدث أشار في المقدمة إلى صحته في عمدة التفسير