Hadith on Humility: Beware of excessively praising people

Abu Bakrah reported: A man praised another man in the presence of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. The Prophet said, “Woe to you! You have cut your companion’s neck! You have cut your companion’s neck! If one of you inevitably praises his companion, let him say: I consider him to be good and Allah will hold him accountable. I cannot testify to anyone’s purity before Allah, but I consider him good as far as is known.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2519, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 3000

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Al-Nawawi said, “Meaning, I do not decisively know the fate of anyone or their heart, as that has been kept away from us in the Unseen.”

Source: Sharḥ al-Nawawī ‘alá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 3000

عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ مَدَحَ رَجُلٌ رَجُلًا عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ قَطَعْتَ عُنُقَ صَاحِبِكَ قَطَعْتَ عُنُقَ صَاحِبِكَ مِرَارًا إِذَا كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ مَادِحًا صَاحِبَهُ لَا مَحَالَةَ فَلْيَقُلْ أَحْسِبُ فُلَانًا وَاللَّهُ حَسِيبُهُ وَلَا أُزَكِّي عَلَى اللَّهِ أَحَدًا أَحْسِبُهُ إِنْ كَانَ يَعْلَمُ ذَاكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا

2519 صحيح البخاري كتاب الشهادات باب إذا زكى رجل رجلا كفاه

3000 صحيح مسلم كتاب الزهد والرقائق باب النهي عن المدح إذا كان فيه إفراط وخيف منه فتنة على الممدوح

قال النووي أَيْ لَا أَقْطَعُ عَلَى عَاقِبَةِ أَحَدٍ وَلَا ضَمِيرِهِ لِأَنَّ ذَلِكَ مُغَيَّبٌ عَنَّا

3000 شرح النووي على مسلم