Hadith on War: The Prophet forbids treachery, mutilation, murder

Buraydah reported: If the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, sent a commander to the army, he would enjoin him personally to fear Allah and to be good to the Muslims who were with him, saying, “Go forth in the name of Allah and in the way of Allah. Fight against those who deny. Go forth and do not plunder, do not commit treachery, do not mutilate, and do not kill children.”

Al-Tirmidhi said, “The people of knowledge hate mutilation.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1408

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to At-Tirmidhi

عَنْ بُرَيْدَة قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا بَعَثَ أَمِيرًا عَلَى جَيْشٍ أَوْصَاهُ فِي خَاصَّةِ نَفْسِهِ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ خَيْرًا فَقَالَ اغْزُوا بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَاتِلُوا مَنْ كَفَرَ اغْزُوا وَلَا تَغُلُّوا وَلَا تَغْدِرُوا وَلَا تُمَثِّلُوا وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا وَلِيدًا

قال الترمذي وَكَرِهَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ الْمُثْلَةَ

1408 سنن الترمذي كِتَاب الدِّيَاتِ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَاب مَا جَاءَ فِي النَّهْيِ عَنْ الْمُثْلَةِ

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ