Hadith on Hijrah: No obligatory emigration after end of persecution

‘Ata bin Abi Rabah reported: I visited Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, with ‘Ubayd bin ‘Umayr to ask her about emigration. Aisha said, “There is no emigration today. One of the believers would flee with his religion to Allah Almighty and to his messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, fearing persecution for it. Today, Allah has made Islam prevail and a believer may worship his Lord wherever he wishes. Rather, there is only jihad and good intentions.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3687

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

Al-Mawardi said, “If one is able to manifest the religion in a land among the lands of unbelief, then it has become by it a land of Islam. For the establishment of religion in it is better than travelling away from it, in hopes that others will enter into Islam.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 3687

عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ قَالَ زُرْتُ عَائِشَةَ رضي الله عنها مَعَ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ اللَّيْثِيِّ فَسَأَلْنَاهَا عَنِ الْهِجْرَةِ فَقَالَتْ رضي الله عنها لاَ هِجْرَةَ الْيَوْمَ كَانَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ يَفِرُّ أَحَدُهُمْ بِدِينِهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَإِلَى رَسُولِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُفْتَنَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَمَّا الْيَوْمَ فَقَدْ أَظْهَرَ اللَّهُ الإِسْلاَمَ وَالْيَوْمَ يَعْبُدُ رَبَّهُ حَيْثُ شَاءَ وَلَكِنْ جِهَادٌ وَنِيَّةٌ

3687 صحيح البخاري كتاب مناقب الأنصار باب هجرة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وأصحابه إلى المدينة

قَالَ الْمَاوَرْدِيُّ إِذَا قَدَرَ عَلَى إِظْهَارِ الدِّينِ فِي بَلَدٍ مِنْ بِلَادِ الْكُفْرِ فَقَدْ صَارَتِ الْبَلَدَ بِهِ دَارَ إِسْلَامٍ فَالْإِقَامَةُ فِيهَا أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الرِّحْلَةِ مِنْهَا لِمَا يُتَرَجَّى مِنْ دُخُولِ غَيْرِهِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ

3687 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري