Hadith on Treachery: Forbidden to betray, kill peaceful non-Muslims

Al-Miswar ibn Makhramah reported: During the period of ignorance, Al-Mughirah accompanied some people, killed them, and took their wealth. Then, he later embraced Islam. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “As for your Islam, we have accepted it. As for the property, it is the wealth of treachery and we have no need for it.”

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2765

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani

Al-Azimabadi said, “The benefit in the tradition is that it is not lawful to seize the wealth of an unbeliever deceptively in a condition of safety. Indeed, it is only lawful to do so against a warrior or combatant.”

Source: ‘Awn al-Ma’būd 2765

عَنْ الْمِسْوَرِ بْنِ مَخْرَمَةَ وَكَانَ الْمُغِيرَةُ صَحِبَ قَوْمًا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقَتَلَهُمْ وَأَخَذَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَأَسْلَمَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَّا الْإِسْلَامُ فَقَدْ قَبِلْنَا وَأَمَّا الْمَالُ فَإِنَّهُ مَالُ غَدْرٍ لَا حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِيهِ

2765 سنن أبي داود كتاب الجهاد باب في صلح العدو

2765 المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح في صحيح أبي داود

قال العظيم آبادي وَيُسْتَفَادُ مِنْهُ أَنَّهُ لَا يَحِلُّ أَخْذُ أَمْوَالِ الْكُفَّارِ فِي حَالِ الْأَمْنِ غَدْرًا وَإِنَّمَا تَحِلُّ بِالْمُحَارَبَةِ وَالْمُغَالَبَةِ

2765 عون المعبود