Al-Nawawi on voluntary Sunan prayers

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Al-Nawawi records in his book Riyad al-Salihin:

Umm Habibah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ صَلَّى اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً فِي يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ بُنِيَ لَهُ بِهِنَّ بَيْتٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ

Whoever performs twelve cycles of prayer in each day and night, then by them a house will be built for him in Paradise.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 728, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported:

صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَسَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ وَسَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَسَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ وَسَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَأَمَّا الْمَغْرِبُ وَالْعِشَاءُ فَفِي بَيْتِهِ

I prayed with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, two prostrations before and after noon prayer, two prostrations after sunset prayer, two prostrations after evening prayer, and two prostrations after Friday prayer. As for sunset and evening prayer, they were in his house.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1119, Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abdullah ibn Mughaffil reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلَاةٌ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلَاةٌ

Between every two calls to prayer is a prayer. Between every two calls to prayer is a prayer.

Then on the third time, the Prophet said:

لِمَنْ شَاءَ

For whoever wishes.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 601, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Aisha reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ لَا يَدَعُ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْغَدَاةِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would never miss four cycles before noon prayer and two cycles before dawn prayer.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1127, Grade: Sahih

In another narration, Aisha said:

لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَى شَىْءٍ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ أَشَدَّ مُعَاهَدَةً مِنْهُ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الصُّبْحِ

The Prophet was not more strongly committed to any voluntary prayer as he was to two cycles before morning prayer.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 724, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him said:

رَكْعَتَا الْفَجْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا فِيهَا

Two cycles of prayer before the dawn prayer are better than the world and everything in it.

In another narration, the Prophet said:

لَهُمَا أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا جَمِيعًا

They are both more beloved to me than the entire world.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 725, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُخَفِّفُ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ اللَّتَيْنِ قَبْلَ صَلَاةِ الصُّبْحِ حَتَّى إِنِّي لَأَقُولُ هَلْ قَرَأَ بِأُمِّ الْكِتَابِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would sometimes perform two cycles of prayer before the dawn prayer so lightly that I would say to myself: Did he recite Surat al-Fatihah?

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1112, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Ibn Umar reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي مِنْ اللَّيْلِ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى وَيُوتِرُ بِرَكْعَةٍ وَيُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ صَلَاةِ الْغَدَاةِ وَكَأَنَّ الْأَذَانَ بِأُذُنَيْهِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would pray at night two by two and make it odd with one cycle. The Prophet would pray two cycles before the morning prayer so lightly as if the call to prayer were in his ears.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 950, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Umm Habibah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ حَافَظَ عَلَى أَرْبَعِ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَأَرْبَعٍ بَعْدَهَا حَرَّمَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى النَّارِ

Whoever preserves four cycles of prayer before noon prayer and after it, then Allah will forbid him from entering the Hellfire.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 428, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn al-Sa’ib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would pray four cycles after the decline of the sun before noon prayer and he would say:

إِنَّهَا سَاعَةٌ تُفْتَحُ فِيهَا أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يَصْعَدَ لِي فِيهَا عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ

Verily, there is an hour in which the gates of heaven are opened and I love that my good deeds ascend during it.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 478, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ إِذَا لَمْ يُصَلِّ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ صَلَّاهُنَّ بَعْدَهُ

If the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, could not pray four cycles before noon prayer, then he would pray them afterwards.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 426, Grade: Sahih

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِالتَّسْلِيمِ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would pray four cycles before afternoon prayer, separating them with the invocation of peace upon the favored angels and those who follow them among the Muslims and believers.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 429, Grade: Hasan

Ibn Umar reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

رَحِمَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً صَلَّى قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعًا

May Allah have mercy on a person who prays four cycles before afternoon prayer.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 430, Grade: Hasan

Anas ibn Malik reported:

كَانَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِذَا أَذَّنَ قَامَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَبْتَدِرُونَ السَّوَارِيَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَهُمْ كَذَلِكَ يُصَلُّونَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَ الْأَذَانِ وَالْإِقَامَةِ شَيْءٌ

When the caller to prayer announced the prayer, people among the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would stand and proceed to the pillars of the mosque until the Prophet came out to them. As such, they would pray two cycles before sunset prayer, for there was not much time between the announcement and performance of prayer.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 599, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ الْجُمُعَةَ فَلْيُصَلِّ بَعْدَهَا أَرْبَعًا

When one of you performs Friday prayer, let him pray four cycles after it.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 881, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported:

كَانَ رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَا يُصَلِّي بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ حَتَّى يَنْصَرِفَ فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي بَيْتِهِ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would not pray after Friday prayer until he had departed and thus would pray in his house.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 895, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Zayd ibn Thabit reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

صَلُّوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ فَإِنَّ أَفْضَلَ الصَّلَاةِ صَلَاةُ الْمَرْءِ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِلَّا الْمَكْتُوبَةَ

O people, perform prayer in your houses, for the best prayer of a man is in his house, except for the prescribed prayers.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 698, Grade: Sahih

Abu Qatadah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمْ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ

When one of you enters the mosque, let him pray two cycles before he sits down.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 433, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best