Al-Mundhiri on removing harm from roads, pathways

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Al-Mundhiri recorded the following chapter in his book Al-Targhib wal-Tarhib:

الترغيب في إماطة الأذى عن الطريق

Encouragement to remove harmful things from the road.

Source: al-Targhīb wal-Tarhīb 4/615

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسَبْعُونَ أَوْ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ شُعْبَةً فَأَفْضَلُهَا قَوْلُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَدْنَاهَا إِمَاطَةُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنْ الْإِيمَانِ

Faith has sixty to seventy branches, the best of which is to declare there is no God but Allah, the least of which is to clear something harmful from the road, and modesty is a branch of faith.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 9, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Dharr reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

عُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ أَعْمَالُ أُمَّتِي حَسَنُهَا وَسَيِّئُهَا فَوَجَدْتُ فِي مَحَاسِنِ أَعْمَالِهَا الْأَذَى يُمَاطُ عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ وَوَجَدْتُ فِي مَسَاوِي أَعْمَالِهَا النُّخَاعَةَ تَكُونُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ لَا تُدْفَنُ

I was presented with the good and evil deeds of my nation. I found that among their good deeds was clearing harmful things from the road, and I found that among their evil deeds was their spit in the mosque that they left uncleaned.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 553, Grade: Sahih

Abu Barzah reported: I said, “O Prophet of Allah, teach me something that will benefit me.” The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اعْزِلْ الْأَذَى عَنْ طَرِيقِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

Remove harmful things from the roads of the Muslims.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2618, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ

Clearing harmful things from the road is charity.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2827, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَيْسَ مِنْ نَفْسِ ابْنِ آدَمَ إِلا عَلَيْهَا صَدَقَةٌ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ طَلَعَتْ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ

There is no soul in the son of Adam but that charity is due upon it on every day the sun rises.

It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, from what can we give in charity?” The Prophet said:

إِنَّ أَبُوَابَ الْخَيْرِ لَكَثِيرَةٌ التَّسْبِيحُ وَالتَّحْمِيدُ وَالتَّكْبِيرُ وَالتَّهْلِيلُ وَالأَمْرُ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّهِيُ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُمِيطُ الأَذَى عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَتُسْمِعُ الأَصَمَّ وَتَهْدِي الأَعْمَى وَتُدِلُّ الْمُسْتَدِلَّ عَلَى حَاجَتِهِ وَتَسْعَى بِشِدَّةِ سَاقَيْكَ مَعَ اللَّهْفَانِ الْمُسْتَغِيثِ وَتَحْمِلُ بِشِدَّةِ ذِرَاعَيْكَ مَعَ الضَّعِيفِ فَهَذَا كُلُّهُ صَدَقَةٌ مِنْكَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ

The doors of virtue are many: to glorify Allah, to praise Allah, to exalt Allah, to declare Allah is one, to enjoin good, to forbid evil, to clear harmful things from the road, to help a deaf person hear, to guide a blind person, to direct a person to meet his needs, to lend great effort to one worried and seeking aid, and to carry a heavy load in your hands on behalf of the weak. All of this is your charity, due upon your soul.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 3459, Grade: Sahih

Abu Buraydah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

فِي الْإِنْسَانِ ثَلَاثُ مِائَةٍ وَسِتُّونَ مَفْصِلًا فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَتَصَدَّقَ عَنْ كُلِّ مَفْصِلٍ مِنْهُ بِصَدَقَةٍ

Inside the human being are three hundred and sixty joints, upon each of them charity is due.

They said, “Who can do that, O Prophet of Allah?” The Prophet said:

النُّخَاعَةُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ تَدْفِنُهَا وَالشَّيْءُ تُنَحِّيهِ عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ فَرَكْعَتَا الضُّحَى تُجْزِئُكَ

It is spittle in the mosque you clean, or something in the road you move to the side. If you cannot find anything, it is enough to perform two cycles of forenoon prayer.

Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 5242, Grade: Sahih

Ma’qal ibn Yasar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ أَمَاطَ أَذًى عَنْ طَرِيقِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كُتِبَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَمَنْ تُقُبِّلَتْ مِنْهُ حَسَنَةٌ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

Whoever clears harmful things from the roads of the Muslims, a good deed will be recorded for him. Whoever is awarded a good deed, he will enter Paradise.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 502, Grade: Hasan

Mu’adh ibn Jabal reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ رَفَعَ حَجَرًا مِنَ الطَّرِيقِ كُتِبَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَمَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

Whoever removes a rock from the road, a good deed will be recorded for him. Whoever has done a good deed, he will enter Paradise.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 16654, Grade: Hasan

Abu Darda reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ زَحْزَحَ عَنْ طَرِيقِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ شَيْئًا يُؤْذِيهِمْ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ حَسَنَةً وَمَنْ كُتِبَ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةٌ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ بِهَا الْجَنَّةَ

Whoever pulls something out of the roads of the Muslims that harms them, Allah will recorded a good deed for him. Whoever is given a good deed, Allah will admit him into Paradise by it.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad26933, Grade: Hasan

Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّهُ خُلِقَ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ عَلَى سِتِّينَ وَثَلَاثِ مِائَةِ مَفْصِلٍ فَمَنْ كَبَّرَ اللَّهَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَهَلَّلَ اللَّهَ وَسَبَّحَ اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ اللَّهَ وَعَزَلَ حَجَرًا عَنْ طَرِيقِ النَّاسِ أَوْ شَوْكَةً أَوْ عَظْمًا عَنْ طَرِيقِ النَّاسِ وَأَمَرَ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ نَهَى عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ عَدَدَ تِلْكَ السِّتِّينَ وَالثَّلَاثِ مِائَةِ السُّلَامَى فَإِنَّهُ يَمْشِي يَوْمَئِذٍ وَقَدْ زَحْزَحَ نَفْسَهُ عَنْ النَّارِ

Verily, every human being among the children of Adam was created with three hundred and sixty joints. Whoever exalts Allah, praises Allah, declares Allah is one, glorifies Allah, removes a rock from the roads of people, or a thorn, or a bone from the roads of people, and enjoins good and forbids evil by the number of those joints, he will walk on that day delivering himself from the Hellfire.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1007, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

رَأَيْتُ رَجُلاً يَتَقَلَّبُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ فِي شَجَرَةٍ قَطَعَهَا مِنْ ظَهْرِ الطَّرِيقِ كَانَتْ تُؤْذِي النَّاسَ

I have seen a man enjoying himself in Paradise due to a tree in the road he cut down that used to harm people.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 4751, Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported: There was a tree in the road that used to harm people, so a man came and cleared it from the road. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

فَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَتَقَلَّبُ فِي ظِلِّهَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ

I have seen him enjoying himself in its shade in Paradise.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 12332, Grade: Sahih li ghayrihi

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.