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Ibn Qudamah on Call to Prayer, Al-Adhan

July 16, 2013

Umdat-fi-Al-Fiqh-Ibn-Qudamah

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Ibn Qudamah writes in his book Umdat fil Fiqh:

The two calls to prayer are legislated for the five prayers only and for men only.

The first call to prayer contains fifteen unique words and the second call to establish the prayer contains eleven unique words.

The caller to prayer should be honest, with a good and loud voice, and he should be knowledgeable about the times of prayer. It is recommended that he perform the call to prayer while standing in a state of ritual purity and on a high place while facing the direction of prayer (qiblah).

When he reaches the phrase, “Hurry to the prayer,” he should lean to the right and left without moving his feet.

He should put his fingers in his ears, reciting the first call slowly and the second call quickly.

He should include in the dawn prayer the phrase, “Prayer is better than sleep,” and he should repeat it twice.

He may not make the call to prayer before the prescribed time except for the dawn prayer, because the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ بِلَالًا يُؤَذِّنُ بِلَيْلٍ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يُؤَذِّنَ ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ

Verily, Bilal performs the call to prayer at night, so eat and drink until you hear the call of Ibn Maktum.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 597, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

It is recommended for those who hear the call to prayer to repeat what he says, for the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا سَمِعْتُمُ النِّدَاءَ فَقُولُوا مِثْلَ مَا يَقُولُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ

When you hear the call to prayer, then say something similar to what the caller has said.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 580, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

وهما مشروعان للصلوات الخمس دون غيرها للرجال دون النساء.

والأذان خمس عشرة كلمة لا ترجيع فيه والإقامة إحدى عشرة.

وينبغي أن يكون المؤذن أمينا صيتا عالما بالأوقات ويستحب أن يؤذن قائما متطهرا على موضع عال مستقبل القبلة فإذا بلغ الحيعلة التفت يمينا وشمالا ولا يزيل قدميه ويجعل أصبعيه في أذنيه ويترسل في الأذان ويحدر الإقامة ويقل في أذان الصبح بعد الحيعلة الصلاة خير من النوم مرتين ولا يؤذن قبل الأوقات إلا لها لقول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن بلالا يؤذن بليل فكلوا واشربوا حتى يؤذن ابن أم مكتوم

ويستحب لمن سمع المؤذن أن يقول كما يقول لقول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا سمعتم النداء فقولوا مثل ما يقول

العمدة في الفقه باب الأذان والإقامة

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.