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Ibn Kathir on virtues of Surat al-Kahf and reading it Friday

August 5, 2012

Recite Surat al-Kahf on Friday

By Abu Amina Elias

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Ibn Kathir writes in his commentary on Surah al-Kahf:

Al-Bara reported: A man recited Surah al-Kahf and there was an animal in the house which began acting in a nervous manner. He looked and saw a fog or cloud overhead. He mentioned this to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and the Prophet said:

اقْرَأْ فُلَانُ فَإِنَّهَا السَّكِينَةُ تَنَزَّلَتْ عِنْدَ الْقُرْآنِ أَوْ تَنَزَّلَتْ لِلْقُرْآنِ

Continue reciting. Verily, that was tranquility which came down for the recitation of the Quran.

Source: Sahih Muslim 795, Grade: Sahih

The man who recited it was Usaid ibn Al-Hudayr.

Abu Ad-Darda reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الْكَهْف عُصِمَ مِنْ الدَّجَّالِ

Whoever memorizes ten verses from the beginning of Surat al-Kahf will be protected from the False Messiah.

Source: Sahih Muslim 809, Grade: Sahih

This was also recorded by Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and At-Tirmidhi. According to the version recorded by At-Tirmidhi:

مَنْ حَفِظَ ثَلَاثَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ الْكَهْف

Whoever memorizes three verses from the beginning of Surat al-Kahf.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2886, Grade: Sahih

At-Tirmidhi said it is “good and authentic” (hasan sahih).

In his Mustadrak, Al-Hakim recorded from Abu Sa’eed that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ أَضَاءَ لَهُ مِنَ النُّورِ مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمُعَتَيْنِ

Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on the day of Friday will have a light for him between this Friday and the next.

Source: Sunan Al-Kubra 5856, Grade: Sahih

Al-Hakim said, “This tradition has an authentic chain of narration, but Al-Bukhari and Muslim did not record it.”

Al-Hafiz Al-Bayhaqi also recorded it in his Sunan from Al-Hakim, then he narrated with his own chain that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ كَمَا أُنْزِلَتْ كَانَتْ لَهُ نُورًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf as it was revealed will have light on the Day of Resurrection.

Source: Sunan Al-Kubra 5856, Grade: Sahih

Source: Tafsīr al-Qurʼān al-ʻAẓīm 18:1

قَالَ الْإِمَامُ أَحْمَدُ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْبَرَاءَ يَقُولُ قَرَأَ رَجُلٌ الْكَهْفَ وَفِي الدَّارِ دَابَّةٌ فَجَعَلَتْ تَنْفِرُ فَنَظَرَ فَإِذَا ضَبَابَةٌ أَوْ سَحَابَةٌ قَدْ غَشِيَتْهُ فَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ فُلَانُ فَإِنَّهَا السَّكِينَةُ تَنَزَّلَتْ عِنْدَ الْقُرْآنِ أَوْ تَنَزَّلَتْ لِلْقُرْآنِ

أَخْرَجَاهُ فِي الصَّحِيحَيْنِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ بِهِ وَهَذَا الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَتْلُوهَا هُوَ أُسَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُضَيْرِ كَمَا تَقَدَّمَ فِي تَفْسِيرِ الْبَقَرَةِ

وَقَالَ الْإِمَامُ أَحْمَدُ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ أَخْبَرَنَا هَمَّامُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ عَنْ مَعْدَانَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الْكَهْفِ عُصِمَ مِنَ الدَّجَّالِ

رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ قَتَادَةَ بِهِ وَلَفْظُ التِّرْمِذِيِّ مَنْ حَفِظَ الثَّلَاثَ الْآيَاتَ مَنْ أَوَّلِ الْكَهْفِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

وَقَدْ أَخْرَجَهُ الْحَاكِمُ فِي مُسْتَدْرِكِهِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُؤَمَّلِ حَدَّثَنَا الْفُضَيْلُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الشَّعْرَانِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا نُعَيْمُ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي مِجْلَزٍ عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ عَبَّادٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ أَضَاءَ لَهُ مِنَ النُّورِ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجُمُعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ

وَهَكَذَا رَوَاهُ الْحَافِظُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْبَيْهَقِيُّ فِي سُنَنِهِ عَنِ الْحَاكِمِ ثُمَّ قَالَ الْبَيْهَقِيُّ وَرَوَاهُ يَحْيَى بْنُ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ شُعْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ بِإِسْنَادِهِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ كَمَا أُنْزِلَتْ كَانَتْ لَهُ نُورًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

18:1 تفسير ابن كثير

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