Ibn Kathir on mercy and patience with people

May 9, 2013

Tafseer Ibn Kathir 01

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Ibn Kathir writes in his commentary on Surat Al-Balad:

Allah said:

ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ

Then he became among those who have faith and those who enjoin patience and enjoin mercy.

This means he was among the believers who perform righteous deeds and he enjoined patience with the harm caused by people and he enjoined mercy for them. This is like what has been narrated in the following traditions:

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الرَّاحِمُونَ يَرْحَمُهُمْ الرَّحْمَنُ ارْحَمُوا مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ

Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Merciful. Be merciful to those on the earth and the One above the heavens will have mercy upon you.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1924, Grade: Sahih

Jareer ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مَنْ لَا يَرْحَمُ النَّاسَ

Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to the people.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 6941, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ لَمْ يَرْحَمْ صَغِيرَنَا وَيَعْرِفْ حَقَّ كَبِيرِنَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا

He who does not show mercy to our little ones or recognize the rights of our elders is not one of us.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 7033, Grade: Sahih

Then Allah said:

أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ

…those are the companions of the right.

Surah Al-Balad 90:18

This means these people who have been described with these characteristics are the people of the right who enter Paradise.

قال ابن كثير وَقَوْلُهُ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ أَيْ كَانَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْعَامِلِينَ صَالِحًا الْمُتَوَاصِينَ بِالصَّبْرِ عَلَى أَذَى النَّاسِ وَعَلَى الرَّحْمَةِ بِهِمْ

كَمَا جَاءَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ الرَّاحِمُونَ يَرْحَمُهُمُ الرَّحْمَنُ ارْحَمُوا مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَرْحَمُكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَفِي الْحَدِيثِ الْآخَرِ لَا يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مَنْ لَا يَرْحَمُ

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو يَرْوِيهِ قَالَ مَنْ لَمْ يَرْحَمْ صَغِيرَنَا وَيَعْرِفْ حَقَّ كَبِيرِنَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا

وَقَوْلُهُ أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ أَيِ الْمُتَّصِفُونَ بِهَذِهِ الصِّفَاتِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْيَمِينِ

90:17 تفسير ابن كثير سورة البلد

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.