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An-Nawawi on Voluntary Sunan Prayers

March 18, 2013

Riyad us Saliheen 3

By Abu Amina Elias for FatihinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book Riyad us-Saliheen:

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ رَكْعَتَيْ الْفَجْرِ فَلْيَضْطَجِعْ عَلَى يَمِينِهِ

When one of you performs two cycles before the dawn prayer, let him lie down on his side.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 420 Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Umar reported:

صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ

I prayed with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, two cycles before the noon prayer, two cycles after the noon prayer, two cycles after Friday prayer, two cycles after the sunset prayer, and two cycles after the evening prayer.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 1116 Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ لَا يَدَعُ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْغَدَاةِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would not abandon four cycles before the noon prayer or two cycles before the dawn prayer.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 1127 Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq reported: I asked Aisha about the voluntary prayers of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. She said:

كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي بَيْتِي قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ أَرْبَعًا ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ فَيُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ ثُمَّ يَدْخُلُ فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ الْمَغْرِبَ ثُمَّ يَدْخُلُ فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَيُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ الْعِشَاءَ وَيَدْخُلُ بَيْتِي فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي مِنْ اللَّيْلِ تِسْعَ رَكَعَاتٍ فِيهِنَّ الْوِتْرُ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي لَيْلًا طَوِيلًا قَائِمًا وَلَيْلًا طَوِيلًا قَاعِدًا وَكَانَ إِذَا قَرَأَ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ رَكَعَ وَسَجَدَ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ وَإِذَا قَرَأَ قَاعِدًا رَكَعَ وَسَجَدَ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ وَكَانَ إِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ

He would pray four cycles in my house before the noon prayer, then he would go out and pray with the people, and then he would return home and pray two cycles. He would pray the sunset prayer with the people, and then he would return home and pray two cycles. He would pray the evening prayer with the people, and then he would return to my house and pray two cycles. He would pray nine cycles during the night including the witr prayer. He would pray a long time during the night while standing and sitting. When he would recite while standing, he would then bow and prostrate. When he would recite while sitting, he would then bow and prostrate. When the time of the dawn prayer arrived, he would pray two cycles.

Source: Sahih Muslim 730 Grade: Sahih

Umm Habibah, wife of the Prophet, reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, say:

مَنْ حَافَظَ عَلَى أَرْبَعِ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَأَرْبَعٍ بَعْدَهَا حَرَّمَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى النَّارِ

Whoever preserves four cycles of prayer before and after the noon prayer, then Allah will forbid him from entering the Hellfire.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 428 Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn As-Sa’ib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would pray four cycles after the decline of the sun before the noon prayer and he would say:

إِنَّهَا سَاعَةٌ تُفْتَحُ فِيهَا أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يَصْعَدَ لِي فِيهَا عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ

Verily, there is an hour in which the gates of heaven are opened and I love that my good deeds should ascend during it.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 478 Grade: Hasan

Aisha reported:

كَانَ إِذَا لَمْ يُصَلِّ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ صَلَّاهُنَّ بَعْدَهُ

If the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was unable to pray four cycles before the noon prayer, then he would pray them afterwards.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 426 Grade: Hasan

Ali ibn Abu Talib reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِالتَّسْلِيمِ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would pray four cycles before the midday prayer, separating them with the ending invocation of peace upon the favored angels and those who follow them among the Muslims and the believers.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 429 Grade: Hasan

Ibn Umar reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

رَحِمَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً صَلَّى قَبْلَ الْعَصْرِ أَرْبَعًا

May Allah have mercy on a person who prays four cycles before the midday prayer.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 430 Grade: Hasan

Abdullah ibn Mughafil reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلَاةٌ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلَاةٌ

Between every two calls to prayer is a prayer; between every two calls to prayer is a prayer

And on the third time he said:

 لِمَنْ شَاءَ

For whoever wishes.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 601 Grade: Sahih

Abdullah Al-Muzanni reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said twice:

صَلُّوا قَبْلَ صَلَاةِ الْمَغْرِبِ

Pray before the sunset prayer.

And on the third time he said:

 لِمَنْ شَاءَ

For whoever wishes.

Abdullah said:

كَرَاهِيَةَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَهَا النَّاسُ سُنَّةً

That is because he disliked for the people to take it as an obligatory tradition.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 1128 Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported:

لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ كِبَارَ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَبْتَدِرُونَ السَّوَارِيَ عِنْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ

I saw the leading companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, hurrying to perform voluntary prayers before the sunset prayer.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 481 Grade: Sahih

Mukhtar ibn Fulful reported: I asked Anas ibn Malik about the voluntary prayers after the midday prayer. He said:

كَانَ عُمَرُ يَضْرِبُ الْأَيْدِي عَلَى صَلَاةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ وَكُنَّا نُصَلِّي عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ قَبْلَ صَلَاةِ الْمَغْرِبِ

Umar would strike his hands over a prayer observed after the midday prayer. During the lifetime of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, we would pray two cycles after the setting of the sun and before the sunset prayer.

Mukhtar asked, “Did the Messenger of Allah pray them?” Anas said:

كَانَ يَرَانَا نُصَلِّيهِمَا فَلَمْ يَأْمُرْنَا وَلَمْ يَنْهَنَا

He would see us praying them. He did not command us to pray them and neither did he forbid us from praying them.

Source: Sahih Muslim 836 Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported:

كُنَّا بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَإِذَا أَذَّنَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ لِصَلَاةِ الْمَغْرِبِ ابْتَدَرُوا السَّوَارِيَ فَيَرْكَعُونَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ الْغَرِيبَ لَيَدْخُلُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَيَحْسِبُ أَنَّ الصَّلَاةَ قَدْ صُلِّيَتْ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ مَنْ يُصَلِّيهِمَا

We were in Medina, the moment the caller to prayer finished calling to the sunset prayer, the people who hurry to the pillars of the mosque to perform two cycles behind them. A stranger coming into the mosque would think that the obligatory prayer had already been performed due to the great number of people performing them.

Source: Sahih Muslim 837 Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ الْجُمُعَةَ فَلْيُصَلِّ بَعْدَهَا أَرْبَعًا

When one of you prays the Friday prayer, let him pray four cycles after it.

Source: Sahih Muslim 881 Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported:

نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ صَلَاتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْفَجْرِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ وَبَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, prohibited us from performing two prayers; a prayer after the dawn prayer until the sun has risen, and a prayer after the midday prayer until the sun has set.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 563 Grade: Sahih

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