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An-Nawawi on pride and vanity in clothing

July 21, 2013

Riyad us Saliheen Sincere Counsel

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book Riyad us-Saliheen:

Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ جَرَّ ثَوْبَهُ خُيَلَاءَ لَمْ يَنْظُرْ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever drags his garment out of pride will not be looked upon by Allah on the Day of Resurrection.

Abu Bakr said, “Indeed, one of my robes will slide down unless I am cautious about it.” The Prophet said:

إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ تَصْنَعُ ذَلِكَ خُيَلَاءَ

Verily, you are not doing it out of pride.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 3465, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا يَنْظُرُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلَى مَنْ جَرَّ إِزَارَهُ بَطَرًا

Allah will not look on the Day of Resurrection to those who would trail their garment out of pride.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5451, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَا أَسْفَلَ مِنْ الْكَعْبَيْنِ مِنْ الْإِزَارِ فَفِي النَّارِ

Whatever is below the ankles from the garment is in the Hellfire.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5450, Grade: Sahih

Abu Dharr reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ الْمَنَّانُ الَّذِي لَا يُعْطِي شَيْئًا إِلَّا مَنَّهُ وَالْمُنَفِّقُ سِلْعَتَهُ بِالْحَلِفِ الْفَاجِرِ وَالْمُسْبِلُ إِزَارَهُ

There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection: the one who does not give in charity except with reminders, the one who sells goods with a false oath, and the one who trails his garment out of pride.

Source: Sahih Muslim 106, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْإِسْبَالُ فِي الْإِزَارِ وَالْقَمِيصِ وَالْعِمَامَةِ مَنْ جَرَّ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا خُيَلَاءَ لَا يَنْظُرُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

The one who wears a garment or a shirt or a turban, whoever trails anything from it out of vanity will not be looked upon by Allah on the Day of Resurrection.

Source: Sunan An-Nasa’i 5334, Grade: Sahih

Jabir ibn Sulaim reported: I saw a man whose opinion was followed by everyone and no one would contradict what he said. I asked who he was and I was told he was the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. I said to him twice, “Upon you be peace, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet said:

لَا تَقُلْ عَلَيْكَ السَّلَامُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْكَ السَّلَامُ تَحِيَّةُ الْمَيِّتِ قُلْ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ

Do not say upon you be peace, for that is the greeting for the dead in the time of ignorance. Rather say peace be upon you.

I asked, “Are you the Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet said:

أَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ الَّذِي إِذَا أَصَابَكَ ضُرٌّ فَدَعَوْتَهُ كَشَفَهُ عَنْكَ وَإِنْ أَصَابَكَ عَامُ سَنَةٍ فَدَعَوْتَهُ أَنْبَتَهَا لَكَ وَإِذَا كُنْتَ بِأَرْضٍ قَفْرَاءَ أَوْ فَلَاةٍ فَضَلَّتْ رَاحِلَتُكَ فَدَعَوْتَهُ رَدَّهَا عَلَيْكَ

I am the Messenger of Allah, Allah who will remove your affliction when you are distressed and you call upon him, who will cause food to grow for you when you are starving and call to him, who will restore your lost animal in the desert when you call upon him.

I said, “Give me instructions.” The Prophet said:

لَا تَسُبَّنَّ أَحَدًا

Do not abuse anyone.

I have not abused anyone since, neither a freeman, nor a slave, nor a camel, nor a sheep. The Prophet said:

وَلَا تَحْقِرَنَّ شَيْئًا مِنْ الْمَعْرُوفِ وَأَنْ تُكَلِّمَ أَخَاكَ وَأَنْتَ مُنْبَسِطٌ إِلَيْهِ وَجْهُكَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ الْمَعْرُوفِ وَارْفَعْ إِزَارَكَ إِلَى نِصْفِ السَّاقِ فَإِنْ أَبَيْتَ فَإِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَإِيَّاكَ وَإِسْبَالَ الْإِزَارِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ الْمَخِيلَةِ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمَخِيلَةَ وَإِنْ امْرُؤٌ شَتَمَكَ وَعَيَّرَكَ بِمَا يَعْلَمُ فِيكَ فَلَا تُعَيِّرْهُ بِمَا تَعْلَمُ فِيهِ فَإِنَّمَا وَبَالُ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِ

Do not hold in contempt a small act of goodness, because even speaking to your brother with a cheerful face is an act of goodness. Hold up your lower garment halfway to the leg and at least above the ankles, for trailing it is arrogance and Allah dislikes pride. If a man disparages you because of bad qualities he knows you have, then do not disparage him for the bad qualities you know he has. Verily, he will only earn the consequences of his abuse.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4084, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, saw a man performing his prayer with his lower garment trailing and he said:

اذْهَبْ فَتَوَضَّأْ

Go and perform ablution again.

The man went and came back after performing it. The Prophet said:

اذْهَبْ فَتَوَضَّأْ

Go and perform ablution again.

Someone said, “O Messenger of Allah, you asked him to perform ablution but you did not give the reason.” The Prophet said:

نَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي وَهُوَ مُسْبِلٌ إِزَارَهُ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى لَا يَقْبَلُ صَلَاةَ رَجُلٍ مُسْبِلٍ إِزَارَهُ

He performed his prayer while his lower garment was below his ankles. Verily, Allah the Exalted does not accept the prayer of a man who trails his garment.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 638, Grade: Sahih

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِزْرَةُ الْمُسْلِمِ إِلَى نِصْفِ السَّاقِ وَلَا حَرَجَ أَوْ لَا جُنَاحَ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْكَعْبَيْنِ مَا كَانَ أَسْفَلَ مِنْ الْكَعْبَيْنِ فَهُوَ فِي النَّارِ مَنْ جَرَّ إِزَارَهُ بَطَرًا لَمْ يَنْظُرْ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ

The garment of a Muslim should be halfway down his shins and there is no harm if it comes between that and the ankles, but whatever is lower than the ankles is in the Hellfire. Whoever trails his garment out of vanity, Allah will never look at him.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4093, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported: I passed by the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, while my garment was trailing. The Prophet said:

 يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ ارْفَعْ إِزَارَكَ

O Abdullah, raise your garment.

I lifted it up and he told me to raise it higher and I did so. Some of the people said, “To where should it be raised?” The Prophet said:

أَنْصَافِ السَّاقَيْنِ

In the middle of the shins.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2086, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ جَرَّ ثَوْبَهُ مِنْ الْخُيَلَاءِ لَمْ يَنْظُرْ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ

Whoever trails his garment out of pride will never be looked upon by Allah.

Umm Salamah said, “O Messenger of Allah, what should the women do with the hem of their clothes?” The Prophet said:

 تُرْخِينَهُ شِبْرًا

Lower it by a hand’s length.

She said, “What if their feet are uncovered?” The Prophet said:

تُرْخِينَهُ ذِرَاعًا لَا تَزِدْنَ عَلَيْهِ

Lower it by an arm’s length but not more than that.

Source: Sunan An-Nasa’i 5336, Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ تَرَكَ اللِّبَاسَ تَوَاضُعًا لِلَّهِ وَهُوَ يَقْدِرُ عَلَيْهِ دَعَاهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رُءُوسِ الْخَلَائِقِ حَتَّى يُخَيِّرَهُ مِنْ أَيِّ حُلَلِ الْإِيمَانِ شَاءَ يَلْبَسُهَا

Whoever gives up fine clothing out of humility for Allah while he is able to wear them, then Allah will call him on the Day of Resurrection in front of all His creation and He will allow him to choose whichever garment of faith he desires.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2481, Grade: Hasan

Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تَلْبَسُوا الْحَرِيرَ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ لَبِسَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا لَمْ يَلْبَسْهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ

Do not wear silk clothing. Verily, those who wear it in this world will not wear it in the Hereafter.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2069, Grade: Sahih

In another narration, the Prophet said:

إِنَّمَا هَذِهِ لِبَاسُ مَنْ لَا خَلَاقَ لَهُ

Verily, this silk clothing is for those who have no share in the Hereafter.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 906, Grade: Sahih

Ali ibn Abu Talib reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, took a piece of silk in his right hand and a piece of gold in his left hand, then he said:

إِنَّ هَذَيْنِ حَرَامٌ عَلَى ذُكُورِ أُمَّتِي

Verily, these two have been made forbidden to wear for the males of my nation.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4057, Grade: Hasan

Abu Musa reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَحَلَّ لِإِنَاثِ أُمَّتِي الْحَرِيرَ وَالذَّهَبَ وَحَرَّمَهُ عَلَى ذُكُورِهَا

Verily, Allah the Exalted has made lawful silk and gold for the women of my nation, but he has forbidden them for men.

Source: Sunan An-Nasa’i 5265, Grade: Sahih

Hudhaifah reported:

نَهَانَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ نَشْرَبَ فِي آنِيَةِ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَأَنْ نَأْكُلَ فِيهَا وَعَنْ لُبْسِ الْحَرِيرِ وَالدِّيبَاجِ وَأَنْ نَجْلِسَ عَلَيْهِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, prohibited us from eating and drinking out of golden or silver vessels, and he prohibited us from wearing silk or brocade and sitting upon anything made from them.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5499, Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported:

رَخَّصَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِلزُّبَيْرِ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ فِي لُبْسِ الْحَرِيرِ لِحِكَّةٍ بِهِمَا

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, gave a concession to Az-Zubair and Abdur Rahman to wear silk when they were suffering from rash.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5501, Grade: Sahih

Mu’awiyah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تَرْكَبُوا الْخَزَّ وَلَا النِّمَارَ

Do not ride on a saddle made from silk or a leopard’s skin.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4129, Grade: Hasan

Abu Al-Malih reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ نَهَى عَنْ جُلُودِ السِّبَاعِ أَنْ تُفْتَرَشَ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, prohibited us from using wild animal skins as furniture.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1771, Grade: Hasan

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.