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An-Nawawi on the Night of Decree in Ramadan, Laylat Al-Qadr

July 14, 2013

Night of Decree Laylat ul Qadr

By Abu Amina Elias

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn:

Allah the Exalted said:

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

Verily, We sent the Quran down during the Night of Decree (laylat al-qadr). And what will make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.

Surat al-Qadr 97:1-5

And Allah said:

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ أَمْرًا مِّنْ عِندِنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ رَحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Verily, We sent it down during a blessed night. Verily, We were to warn people. On that night is made distinct every precise matter proceeding from Us. Verily, We were to send a messenger as mercy from your Lord. Verily, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Surat al-Dukhān 44:3-6

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ

Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan due to faith and seeking reward, then Allah will forgive all of his previous sins. Whoever stands in prayer during the Night of Decree due to faith and seeking reward, then Allah will forgive all of his previous sins.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1802, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الْتَمِسُوهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ يَعْنِي لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فَإِنْ ضَعُفَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَوْ عَجَزَ فَلَا يُغْلَبَنَّ عَلَى السَّبْعِ الْبَوَاقِي

Look for the Night of Decree in the last ten nights of Ramadan, but if one of you is weak or frustrated then do not be overcome during the remaining seven nights.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1165, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would seek seclusion in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan and he would say:

تَحَرَّوْا لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ

Seek the Night of Decree during the last ten nights of Ramadan.

In another narration, the Prophet said:

تَحَرَّوْا لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْوِتْرِ مِنْ الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ

Seek the Night of Decree in the odd nights among the last ten nights of Ramadan.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1916, Grade: Sahih

Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ شَدَّ مِئْزَرَهُ وَأَحْيَا لَيْلَهُ وَأَيْقَظَ أَهْلَهُ

When the last ten days of Ramadan arrived, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would tighten his belt, spend the night in worship, and awaken his family.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1920, Grade: Sahih

In anohter narration, Aisha said:

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَجْتَهِدُ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مَا لَا يَجْتَهِدُ فِي غَيْرِهِ

The Prophet would would exert himself in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan more so than any other time.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1174, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, I see that you know which night is the Night of Decree. What should I say during it?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

قُولِي اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عُفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Say: O Allah, you are pardoning and generous. You love to forgive, so forgive me.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 3513, Grade: Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.